- Museum number
Glazed composition amuletic figure of a ram-headed god, probably Amun-Ra or less likely Khnum; features now indistinct; modelling crude, though lines shown on schenti and on face; plain back pillar, stepped out with right-angled edges below shoulders' height; loop for suspension, once on top of head, now broken off; remains of pale turquoise glaze; fine and soft pale yellow core; broken below thighs and chipped in several places; surface very much worn.
- Production date
- 664 BC - 332 BC
Diameter: 1.20 centimetres
Height: 3.30 centimetres
Width: 1.30 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- Amulets in the shape of ram-headed deities are relatively rare in Naukratis, as on other Egyptian sites of the Late and Ptolemaic Periods in general (Masson forthcoming). This amulet represents more likely Amun-Ra, since the ram-headed god Amun-Ra Baded was the main deity revered in Naukratis (Guermeur 2005, 126-138; Yoyotte 1982/83). Furthermore, Khnum is usually recognisable by his long horizontal spiralled horns (Germond 2005, 28). However, according to Andrews, identification of deities which have the ram as a totemic animal is not easy (Andrews 1994, 30-31; various examples of amulets representing a ram-headed god: Herrmann et al. 2010, 37-38).
Andrews, C. 1994, Amulets of Ancient Egypt, London.
Germond, P. 2005, Le monde symbolique des amulettes égyptiennes de la collection Jacques-Édouard Berger, Milan.
Guermeur, I. 2005, Les cultes d’Amon hors-de-Thebes, Turnhout.
Herrmann, C., Staubli, T., Berger-Lober, S., Keel, O., Schönbächler, G. 2010, 1001 Amulett : altägyptischer Zauber, monotheisierte Talismane, säkulare Magie, Bibel+Orient-Museum, Liebefeld, Stuttgart.
Masson, A. forthcoming, Le quartier des prêtres sur la rive est du Lac Sacré à Karnak.
Yoyotte, J. 1982/83, ‘L’Amon de Naukratis’, Revue d’Égyptologie 34, 129–36.
- Not on display
- Rather poor, incomplete, chipped and worn
- Acquisition date
- Egypt and Sudan
- BM/Big number
- Registration number