- Museum number
Calcite jar: cylindrical with a wide rim and a flat foot. The vessel bears inscriptions filled with blue pigment. The vertical hieroglyphs give the titulary of Pepy I. On the right is the main cartouche name of the king, his birth name Pepy, with the title "king of upper and lower Egypt," within the cartouche he is also called "son of Hathor mistress of Dendera." The middle name is his Horus name, Merytawy, written in a 'serekh'. The left-hand column gives two of his other names, the 'nebty' or "two ladies" name, Merykhet, and the so-called "Golden Horus" name, which is not easy to translate but is written with three falcons. The only name missing from the jar is the second cartouche or throne name, Meryre. In one horizontal line at the bottom is repeated twice "given life and dominion forever."
Diameter: 15.80 centimetres
Height: 15.30 centimetres
Weight: 1.328 kilograms
- Inscription subject
- Curator's comments
- This cylindrical jar is of a type which became common for a period in the 6th 1 Dynasty; many vessels with similar inscriptions of Pepy I and Pepy II are known, but few mention other kings. These jars show the skill with which craftsmen of the later 3rd millennium BC could work stones such as calcite. These jars were perhaps luxury productions of royal workshops. Although none have been found in a good archaeological context, they may have been placed in the royal burial or given as marks of favour to important officials of the time.
B. Porter & R. Moss, 'Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs and Paintings' III (2) (Oxford, 1979), p.422;
J.H. Taylor and N.C. Strudwick, Mummies: Death and the Afterlife in Ancient Egypt. Treasures from The British Museum, Santa Ana and London 2005, pp. 170-1, pl. on p. 170.
A related piece: Christie's New York, Antiquities, Thursday 6 December 2007: no.8 [Auction Catalogue]
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
2005-2008, California, The Bowers Museum, Death and Afterlife in Ancient Egypt
2016 8 Mar-12 Jun, Cleveland, Cleveland Museum of Art, Pharaoh: King of Egypt
2018 7 Jun-16 Sep, Barcelona, La Caixa, Pharaoh: King of Egypt
2018-2019 16 Oct-20 Jan, Madrid, La Caixa, Pharaoh: King of Egypt
2019 19 Feb-25 Aug, Girona, La Caixa, Pharaoh: King of Egypt
2019-2020 24 Sept-12 Jan, Seville, La Caixa, Pharaoh: King of Egypt
- Acquisition date
- Egypt and Sudan
- BM/Big number
- Registration number