- Museum number
Red granite column capital with Hathor emblem: the surviving royal inscription and the classicizing style of the face indicate that they were made under Osorkon I and erected (or usurped) by Osorkon II. Each main surface of the capital front and back represented a female face with stylized cow's ears and a plaited, curled wig, on top of which was a platform decorated with a row of cobras bearing solar disks on their heads. This composition was the emblem or fetish of the goddess Hathor. In its full form it represented a sistrum in the shape of a naos, set in a handle topped by the goddess' face. Slender, stylized horns that terminate in spirals rise on either side of the naos. The mask-like quality of the face on this capital is emphasized by its flatness and by the broad plane down the length of the nose. There is much plaster restoration.
Height: 195 centimetres (max)
Weight: 1991 kilograms
Width: 80 centimetres
Depth: 84 centimetres (max)
- Inscription subject
- Curator's comments
- This is the major part of a Hathor capital that once crowned a colossal column in the temple of the goddess Bastet in the eastern Nile Delta city of Bubastis. The column was one of four in a hypostyle hall adjacent to the great gateway decorated with scenes from the sed festival of Osorkon II. It was on the north side of the hall, a location indicated by the red crown of Lower Egypt on the heads of the cobras flanking the face. Behind the snakes were papyrus plants, also symbols of the North. Traditionally, the columns have been dated to the Middle Kingdom, but a recent study proves them to be much later.
B. Porter & R. Moss, 'Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs and Paintings' IV (Oxford, 1934), p.29;
E. Naville, 'Bubastis, 1887-1889' (London, 1891), 11-12.
To be published by Karl Jansen-Winkeln
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
2015 July - September, Tokyo, National Museum, Queens of Egypt
2015 October - December, Osaka, National Museum of Art, Queens of Egypt
2016 8 Mar-12 Jun, Cleveland, Cleveland Museum of Art, Pharoah: King of Egypt
2018 7 Jun-16 Sep, Barcelona, La Caixa, Pharaoh: King of Egypt
2018-2019 16 Oct-20 jan, Madrid, La Caixa, Pharaoh: King of Egypt
- incomplete and split in two
- Acquisition date
- Egypt and Sudan
- BM/Big number
- Registration number