- Museum number
Object: Papyrus Ramesseum 19
Object: Fragment of Papyrus Ramesseum C+18
P. Ramesseum 19, Frame 2. Papyrus written on the recto and on the verso in hieratic script. The recto contains ritual/magical texts which continue on the verso. The text is written in horizontal lines. This frame contains a fragment of P. Ramesseum 19 (top, unmentioned and unpublished by Gardiner), and two fragments of P. Ramesseum C+18 (EA 10752.5, Semna despatches, bottom). In 1955 Gardiner commented 'there has recently emerged a small disconnected piece of the Semna Despacthes ...which had escaped the notice of Smither and Gunn. This piece is too unimportant to be published in the present colume' (Gardiner, The Ramesseum Papyri, 3-4 n. 3).
The majoirty of these fragments were first identified as part of a single papyrus and numbered 19 in 2006. This frame is labelled as 'P. Ram. Frags.'. The papyrus was probably a half-height roll.
The papyrus is part of the collection of papyri found with a bundle of pens in a chest from a plundered late 13th dynasty tomb under the Ramesseum, apparently belonging to someone like a lector priest. Two of the papyri from the chest are in the Egyptian Museum Berlin (P. Ramesseum A and D); the objects are in the Fitzwilliam Museum Cambridge and the Manchester Museum.
The papyri are very fragile, apparently due to dampness in the tomb-shaft. This papyrus was mounted on sheets of gelatin by Hugo Ibscher.
Length: 35.60 centimetres (frame)
Width: 30.50 centimetres (frame)
- Curator's comments
- P. Ramesseum 19 two fragments (unmentioned and unpublished by Gardiner; no published transcription).
B. Leach, 'A Conservation History of the Ramesseum Papyri', JEA 92 (2006), 225-40.
R. B. Parkinson, Reading Ancient Egyptian Poetry: Among Other Histories (Chichester and Malden: Wiley-Blackwell 2009), 147.
For fragments of P. Ramesseum C (Semna Despatches):
A. H. Gardiner, The Ramesseum Papyri (Oxford: Oxford University Press 1955), 3-4 n. 3, 8.
S. Quirke, The Administration of Egypt in the Late Middle Kingdom. The Hieratic Documents (New Malden: Sia Publishing 1990), 191-3.
The fragments joining 10752.5 are being studied by Bryan Kraemer and Kate Liszka (Chicago and Philadelphia).
AES Dept archives include an envelope labelled ‘P. RAMESSEUM Prints of the Processional Papyrus’ arranged to be published in ‘four sideways plates’. The envelope also contains prints of EA 10771.1-2, EA 10752.5 and EA 10772.2.
On the conservation of the papyri: B. Leach, 'A conservation history of the Ramesseum Papyri', JEA 92 (2006), 225-40.
On the tomb: R. B. Parkinson, Reading Ancient Egyptian Poetry: Among Other Histories (Chichester and Malden: Wiley-Blackwell 2009), 138-72.
- Not on display
- Papyrus Survey:
Papyrus: fractured, fragile, fragmentary, frayed, skeletal
Tabbed: court plaster
Object Priority: B
Mount Priority: A
Overall Condition: B
Curatorial condition comment:
- Acquisition date
- Egypt and Sudan
- BM/Big number
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: Frame.2