- Museum number
- Object: Papyrus Ramesseum 6
P. Ramesseum 6, Frame 4. Papyrus written on the recto in linear hieroglyphic script. The recto contains a hymn to Sobek, while the verso is blank. The text is written in vertical columns between ruled lines with titles in horizontal lines, in retrograde script. Over 140 lines of a Middle Egyptian hymn cycle are preserved on the roll, which is not complete. This frame contains lines 59-78. The papyrus was a half-height roll. Three additional fragments of the roll (see Gardiner, The Ramesseum Papyri, 1955, pl. 21) are now mounted in other frames (Frag. A in EA 10760.3, Frag. B in EA 10760.7 and Frag. C in EA 10760.5).
The papyrus is part of the collection of papyri found with a bundle of pens in a chest from a plundered late 13th dynasty tomb under the Ramesseum, apparently belonging to someone like a lector priest. Two of the papyri from the chest are in the Egyptian Museum Berlin (P. Ramesseum A and D); the objects are in the Fitzwilliam Museum Cambridge and the Manchester Museum.
The papyri are very fragile, apparently due to dampness in the tomb-shaft. This papyrus was mounted on sheets of gelatin by Hugo Ibscher.
Length: 25.50 centimetres (frame)
Width: 18.80 centimetres (frame)
- Curator's comments
- P. Ramesseum 6 lines 59-78.
A. H. Gardiner, The Ramesseum Papyri (Oxford: Oxford University Press 1955), 10, pl. 19.
A. H. Gardiner, 'Hymns to Sobk in a Ramesseum Papyrus', RdE 11 (1957), 41-56, pl. 2-4.
P. Vernus, 'Études de philologie et de linguistique', RdE 32 (1980), 117-121.
L.D. Morenz, 'Beiträge zur ägyptischen Schriftlichkeitskultur des Mittleren Reiches und der Zweiten Zwischenzeit', 'Ägypten und altes Testament' 29 (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz 1996), 147-54.
R. B. Parkinson, Reading Ancient Egyptian Poetry: Among Other Histories (Chichester and Malden: Wiley-Blackwell 2009), 148-49.
M. Zecchi, Sobek of Shedet: The Crocodile God in the Fayyum in the Dynastic period (Studi sull'antico Egitto 2; Todi: Tau editrice 2010), 94-103.
Quack, J.F. 2022. Altägyptische Amulette und ihre Handhabung. Orientalische Religionen in der Antike 31. Tübingen, p. 271.
On the conservation of the papyri: B. Leach, 'A conservation history of the Ramesseum Papyri', JEA 92 (2006), 225-40.
On the tomb: R. B. Parkinson, Reading Ancient Egyptian Poetry: Among Other Histories (Chichester and Malden: Wiley-Blackwell 2009), 138-72.
- Not on display
- Papyrus Survey:
Papyrus: fractured, fragile, fragmentary, powdery
Backed: gelatin (degraded)
Supported overall: white paper
Binding: copydex self adhesive carpet tape
Object Priority: B
Mount Priority: A
Overall Condition: C
Curatorial condition comment:
- Acquisition date
- Egypt and Sudan
- BM/Big number
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: Frame.4