- Museum number
- Object: Papyrus Ramesseum 4
P. Ramesseum 4, Frame 1. Papyrus written on the recto in hieratic script. The recto contains a magico-medical text related to pregnancy and birth/mother and child. On the verso there are some later accounts. The text is written in vertical columns. This frame contains lines A 1-4 and B 1-5. The papyrus was a full-height roll.
The papyrus is part of the collection of papyri found with a bundle of pens in a chest from a plundered late 13th dynasty tomb under the Ramesseum, apparently belonging to someone like a lector priest. Two of the papyri from the chest are in the Egyptian Museum Berlin (P. Ramesseum A and D); the objects are in the Fitzwilliam Museum Cambridge and the Manchester Museum.
The papyri are very fragile, apparently due to dampness in the tomb-shaft. This papyrus was mounted on sheets of gelatin by Hugo Ibscher.
Length: 27 centimetres (frame)
Width: 21.71 centimetres (frame)
- Curator's comments
- P. Ramesseum 4 lines A 1-4, B 1-5.
A. H. Gardiner, The Ramesseum Papyri (Oxford: Oxford University Press 1955), 9, pl. 11.
J. W. B. Barns, Five Ramesseum Papyri (Oxford: Oxford University Press 1956), 24-9, pl. 16, pl. 25 (verso).
This papyrus is being studied by Pierre Meyrat (Geneva).
W. Westendorf, Handbuch der altägyptischen Medizin (Handbuch der Orientalistik Abt. 1, 36; Leiden, Boston and Köln: Brill 1999), 11-15.
On the conservation of the papyri: B. Leach, 'A conservation history of the Ramesseum Papyri', JEA 92 (2006), 225-40.
On the tomb: R. B. Parkinson, Reading Ancient Egyptian Poetry: Among Other Histories (Chichester and Malden: Wiley-Blackwell 2009), 138-72.
- Not on display
- Papyrus Survey:
Papyrus: fractured, fragile, fragmentary, powdery
Supported overall: white paper
Placed in archival box stored horizontally Oct 1992
Object Priority: B
Mount Priority: A
Overall Condition: E
Curatorial condition comment:
- Acquisition date
- Egypt and Sudan
- BM/Big number
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: Frame.1