- Museum number
- Object: Papyrus Ramesseum 2
P. Ramesseum 2, Frame 2. Papyrus written on the recto and on the verso in hieratic script, containing a set of literary maxims written over ruled guidelines in horizontal lines. This frame contains pages iii-iv on the recto and page ii on the verso. The papyrus was a half-height roll.
The two fragments are parts of a single roll. Although Barns stated that he could detect no fibre joins between the frames (Barns, Five Ramesseum Papyri, 11), a re-examination of the fibres reveals that fragment 2 follows directly on from fragment 1, possibly with a loss of only some 5 cm.
The papyrus is part of the collection of papyri found with a bundle of pens in a chest from a plundered late 13th dynasty tomb under the Ramesseum, apparently belonging to someone like a lector priest. Two of the papyri from the chest are in the Egyptian Museum Berlin (P. Ramesseum A and D); the objects are in the Fitzwilliam Museum Cambridge and the Manchester Museum.
The papyri are very fragile, apparently due to dampness in the tomb-shaft. This papyrus was mounted on sheets of gelatin by Hugo Ibscher.
Length: 58.70 centimetres (frame)
Width: 16.20 centimetres (frame)
- Curator's comments
- P. Ramesseum 2 pages iii-iv; verso: verso page ii.
A. H. Gardiner, The Ramesseum Papyri (Oxford: Oxford University Press 1955), 8-9, pl. 4 (recto), pl. 6 (verso).
J. W. B. Barns, Five Ramesseum Papyri (Oxford: Oxford University Press 1956), 11-14, pl. 7 (recto iii), pl. 8 (recto iv), pl. 9 (verso).
This manuscript is available on T.L.A. (http://aaew.bbaw.de/tla/)
S. Quirke, Egyptian Literature 1800 BC. Questions and readings (London: Golden House Publications 2004), 187-9.
On the use of verse points: R. B. Parkinson, Reading Ancient Egyptian Poetry: Among Other Histories (Chichester and Malden: Wiley-Blackwell 2009), 160.
On the conservation of the papyri: B. Leach, 'A conservation history of the Ramesseum Papyri', JEA 92 (2006), 225-40.
On the tomb: R. B. Parkinson, Reading Ancient Egyptian Poetry: Among Other Histories (Chichester and Malden: Wiley-Blackwell 2009), 138-72.
- Not on display
- Papyrus Survey:
Papyrus: fragile, powdery, skeletal
Backed: gelatin (cockled)
Transferred to horizontal storage 4 JAN 95
Binding: self adhesive tape
Object Priority: B
Mount Priority: A
Overall Condition: D
Curatorial condition comment:
- Acquisition date
- Egypt and Sudan
- BM/Big number
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: Frame.2