- Museum number
- Object: Papyrus Ramesseum C
P. Ramesseum C, Frame 3. Papyrus written on the recto and on the verso in hieratic script. The recto contains despatches from Nubian fortresses (the so-called Semna despatches); P. Ramesseum 18 (EA 10771) is part of the same papyrus and another fragment is mounted in EA 10772.2. On the verso there are magical texts, including an incantation against ghosts, as well as a strengthening strip with accounts. These magical texts consist of similarly constructed paragraphs invoking dangerous spirits who lack some part of their body. The text is written in horizontal lines. This frame contains Despatches no. 3 (page 3, lines 1-6) and no. 4 (page 3, lines 7-14) on the recto and page 3 of the verso on the verso. The papyrus was a full-height roll.
The papyrus is part of the collection of papyri found with a bundle of pens in a chest from a plundered late 13th dynasty tomb under the Ramesseum, apparently belonging to someone like a lector priest. Two of the papyri from the chest are in the Egyptian Museum Berlin (P. Ramesseum A and D); the objects are in the Fitzwilliam Museum Cambridge and the Manchester Museum.
The papyri are very fragile, apparently due to dampness in the tomb-shaft. This papyrus was mounted on sheets of gelatin by Hugo Ibscher.
Length: 30.20 centimetres (frame)
Width: 21 centimetres (frame)
- Curator's comments
- P. Ramesseum C Despatches no. 3 (page 3, lines 1-6) and no. 4 (page 3, lines 7-14); verso: verso page 3.
P. Smither, 'The Semna Despatches', JEA 31 (1945), 8-9.
Despatch no. 3: pl. 4-4a.
Despatch no. 4: pl. 4-4a.
A. H. Gardiner, The Ramesseum Papyri (Oxford: Oxford University Press 1955), 8, 11, pl. 31 (verso).
D. B. Spanel, 'Semna Papyri', LA V (1984), 844-847.
S. Quirke, The Administration of Egypt in the Late Middle Kingdom. The Hieratic Documents (New Malden: Sia Publishing 1990), 191-3.
J. Bourriau, Pharaohs and Mortals. Egyptian Art in the Middle Kingdom [exhibition catalogue] (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1988), 79-80, cat. no. 62.
C. Vogel, Ägyptische Festungen und Garnisonen bis zum Ende des Mittleren Reiches (HÄB 46; 2004), 61-3, 78-87.
For the link with P. Ramesseum 18 (EA 10771) see R. B. Parkinson, Reading Ancient Egyptian Poetry: Among Other Histories (Chichester and Malden: Wiley-Blackwell 2009), 147-8. Another fragment of the papyrus is mounted as EA 10772.2 (bottom).
On the conservation of the papyri: B. Leach, 'A conservation history of the Ramesseum Papyri', JEA 92 (2006), 225-40.
On the tomb: R. B. Parkinson, Reading Ancient Egyptian Poetry: Among Other Histories (Chichester and Malden: Wiley-Blackwell 2009), 138-72.
- Adeane Gallery, Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge
19 Apr - 26 Jun 1988
- Liverpool Museum, Liverpool
Jul - Aug 1988
‘Pharaohs and Mortals: Egyptian Art in the Middle Kingdom.’
Loan of 26 objects
Catalogue: Pharaohs and Mortals. Egyptian Art in the Middle Kingdom
1988 Cambridge University Press
- On display (G65/dc6)
- Exhibition history
2014-2015 9 Oct-26 Jan. Palais des Beaux Arts de Lille. Senusret III.
- Papyrus Survey:
Displayed in Room 62 until 1985
Binding: magic tape, copydex self adhesive carpet tape
Object Priority: A
Mount Priority: B
Overall Condition: A
Curatorial condition comment:
- Acquisition date
- Egypt and Sudan
- BM/Big number
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: Frame.3