- Museum number
Royal temple lintel of Amenemhat III: a rectangular limestone raised relief from a temple door lintel. The text is arranged symmetrically, with the central cartouche placed over the axis of the doorway. The text cannot be deciphered into a single sentence, since the elements are arranged according to heraldic rather than linguistic principles.
In the centre, the right-facing cartouche of Amenemhat III rests on the sign for gold; this is flanked by the name of the god 'Horus who is in Shedet', which is written similarly to the Horus name of the king, with a falcon ('Horus') perched on a enclosure including a sacred building associated with Shedet. Flanking this are the royal epithets, facing vertical lines of text which originally ran down the sides of the doorway (now lost), and contained the titles of Amenemhat III. The names of the gods face that of the king, forming a graphic version of scenes where the king worships, or is embraced by, the gods who give him life and power. The right end is restored.
Height: 88 centimetres
Length: 234.50 centimetres
Depth: 11 centimetres
- Inscription subject
- Curator's comments
- The exact provenance is unrecorded, but the piece comes either from a temple to Sobek at Medinet el-Faiyum (ancient Shedet) or from the nearby funerary temple of Amenemhat III at Hawara, famous to classical authors as the Egyptian 'Labyrinth'.
B. Porter & R. Moss, 'Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs and Paintings' IV (Oxford: Clarendon Press), 101;
H.R. Hall, 'Hieroglyphic Texts' 4 (London, 1913), pl. 15;
Ingrid Blom, 'Sculpture fragments and relief fragments from the Labyrinth at Hawara in the Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden', 'Oudheidkundige Mededelingen uit het Rijksmuseum van Oudheden te Leiden' 69 (Leiden, 1989), 25-50, esp. 40;
R. Krauss and C.E. Loeben,'Die Berliner "Zierinschrift"Amenemhets III. als Beispiel für gebrochene Symmetric', 'Jahrbuch Preussischer Kulturbesitz' 33 (1996), 159-72, esp. 170 n.4;
cf. H. Schafer, 'Principles of Egyptian Art', trans. J. Baines (Oxford, 1974 [1st edn, German, 1919]), 352-5, pi. 36 for similar piece.
- On display (G30/dc56)
- Exhibition history
2016 8 Mar-12 Jun, Cleveland, Cleveland Museum of Art, Pharoah: King of Egypt
2018 7 Jun-16 Sep, Barcelona, La Caixa, Pharaoh: King of Egypt
2018-2019 16 Oct-20 jan, Madrid, La Caixa, Pharaoh: King of Egypt
2022-2023 13 Oct-19 Feb, London, BM, Hieropglyphs, Unlocking Ancient Egypt.
- fair - right side restored
- Acquisition date
- Egypt and Sudan
- BM/Big number
- Registration number