- Museum number
- Series: Papyrus Chester Beatty 3
Papyrus Chester Beatty III. Sheet 2
recto, columns 4-7: Hieratic dream book
verso, columns 2-3: Hieratic literary text written by Qenherkhepshef
- Production date
- 1220BC (circa)
- Curator's comments
The papyrus Chester Beatty 3 is divided over four frames and contains a manual for interpreting dreams on the recto and literary texts on the verso. The dream book on the recto is written in a fine literary hand of an unknown scribe. On the verso, the famous scribe Qenherkhepshef's copied a poem about the Battle of Kadesh, which took place in the reign of Ramesses II (1279-1213 BC) and added a copy of a letter he had written to the vizier. His bold and highly cursive handwriting is instantly recognizable.
The manuscript was later owned by his young wife's second husband Khaemnun, and then his son Amennakht, both of whom added their names to the recto in handwriting that is less neat than that of the original copyist of the Dream book, but much less cursive than Qenherkhepshef's (under column 10).
The standard publication with full translation is A.H. Gardiner, 'Hieratic Papyri in the British Museum, 3rd Series: Chester Beatty Gift' I (London, 1935), 9-27, pls. 5-12; this frame: Vol. 1, p. 9-27, Vol. 2, Plates 6 & 6A, Recto 4-6; Plates 7 & 7A, Recto 7; Plates 9 & 9A, Verso 2; Plates 10 & 10A, Verso 3.
On the provenance see P. W. Pestman, `Who Were the Owners, in the "Community of Workmen", of the Chester Beatty Papyri?', in R. J. Demarée and J. J. Janssen (ed.) Gleanings from Deir el-Medïna (Leiden, 1982), 155- 72.
'Les artistes de Pharaon : Deir el-Médineh et la Vallée des Rois', (Paris, 2002), p.135 ; G. Andreu and A. Roveri [eds.], 'Gli artisti del Faraone' (Turin, 2003), p.125 .
G. Pinch, Magic in Ancient Egypt (London 1994), fig.32.
Kasia Szpakowska, Behind closed eyes : dreams and nightmares in ancient Egypt (Classical Press of Wales, 2003).
Published: Kitchen, Ram. Insc. Vol 4 p85.
See K. Szpakowska, 'Dream Interpretation in the Ramesside Age', in M. Collier and S. Snape (ed.), Ramesside Studies in Honour of K. A. Kitchen (Bolton 2011), 509-17.
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
2016 - 2017, Dec - Jun, Karlsruhe, Badisches Landesmuseum, Ramesses
- Papyrus Survey:
Checked for loan to Germany 1999
Checked for loan to France 2001
Displayed in Room 62 until 1997
Self adhesive tape
Object Priority: A
Mount Priority: A
Overall Condition: A
Curatorial condition comment:
- Associated events
- Associated Event: Battle of Qadesh
- Associated titles
Associated Title: P. Chester Beatty III
- Acquisition date
- Egypt and Sudan
- BM/Big number
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: Frame.2