- Museum number
Book of the Dead of Nedjmet; painted offering-vignettes, including the weighing of the heart, and columns of hieroglyphic text featuring spells 15V–V125–101–100V–V15–1V–17V.
- Production date
- BC1070 (c.)
Height: 57.40 centimetres (frame)
Height: 34 centimetres (papyrus)
Length: 442 centimetres (frame)
Length: 416 centimetres (papyrus)
Depth: 5.10 centimetres (frame)
- Curator's comments
This papyrus is part of a larger roll of which other fragments are in the Louvre (E 6258) and Munich (now lost). It likely totaled over 14m in length.
The French Egyptologist Gaston Maspero (1889, 512) suggests that it may have been found in the Royal Cache in Deir el-Bahari but sold by looters before formal excavations began. Photographs of the papyrus in London and Paris were shown to Maspero in 1877. The coffins and mummy of Nedjmet were found during the official opening of the cache in 1881.
A second book of the dead papyrus is also attributed Nedjmet (EA10490).
Nedjmet is one of very few owners of a Book of the Dead about whose life we know any details; she was married to King Herihor (1070 BCE), shown prominently in the vignettes, and was also the mother of a king. Surviving letters on papyrus (P. Berlin 10489) written by her son, the powerful army commander Piankh, show that she was involved in the political murder of two policemen who had made rebellious speeches.
Kitchen, Ram. Insc. Vol. 7 p. 100.
Tarasenko, Mykola. 2016. Studies on the vignettes from chapter 17 of the Book of the Dead. I, The image of mś.w Bdšt in ancient Egyptian mythology (Archaeopress Egyptology 16), Oxford, p. 7, 92.
Maspero, G. 1889. Les momies royales de Deir el-Bahari. MMAF 1. Cairo
- On display (G30/dc57)
- Exhibition history
1995 Feb-May, Atlanta, Emory University, Reflections of Women in the New Kingdom
2010 4th Nov-2011 6th March, Round Reading Room BM, Book of the Dead
2022-2023 13 Oct-19 Feb, London, BM, Hieropglyphs, Unlocking Ancient Egypt.
- Papyrus Survey:
Papyrus: bleached, fractured
Pigment: faded, friable
Backed: brown paper
Checked for loan to USA 1992
Displayed in Room 62 until 1992
Moved to KEB Basement 2012 due to new Friends' Room.
Sandwich: glass (uv film)
Object Priority: A
Mount Priority: A
Overall Condition: B
Curatorial condition comment:
- Associated titles
Associated Title: Book of the Dead
- Acquisition date
- Egypt and Sudan
- BM/Big number
- Registration number