Mould-made amuletic figure in glazed composition, representing the dwarf god Pataikos; naked with bald head, crouching on a small rectangular base, with arms to his sides; arms and legs in open-work; crudely indicated features; hole pierced widthways through neck, with a square protuberance on the back; turquoise glaze well preserved; whitish-yellowish paste; complete.
- Production date
- 6thC BC (?)
Length: 4.40 centimetres
Thickness: 1.05 centimetres
Width: 1.50 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- Pataikos might be related with the god Ptah as a craftman god (Andrews 1994, 39). He is definitely linked with the other dwarf god Bes, with whom he appears often on the same amulet or in the same context (on the relationship between these two gods: Bulté 1998, 379 and 382). As an amulet, Pataikos seems to appear as early as the 6th dynasty, although amulets of the dwarf god are better identified from the New Kingdom onwards (Andrews 1994, 39). His amulets are very common during the Late and Ptolemaic periods (as illustrated in Mendes: Wilson 1982, 32, pl. XXIX n°3-4) and as popular as Bes in Naukratis (Masson forthcoming).
For various types of Pataikos amulets see: Herrmann et al. 2010, 75-79 (type 36).
Considering its context of discovery, it should be dated to the 26th dynasty. However, the registers of the McLean Museum & Art Gallery tend to allocate the Scarab Factory as a findspot for not only scarabs and scaraboids moulds, but also all types of amulets from Naukratis. Caution is therefore required for the dating and the findspot.
Andrews, C. 1994, Amulets of Ancient Egypt, London.
Bulté, J. 1998, ‘À propos d'une tête de Patèque de Tanis Sân 93-351, OAE 3423’, in P. Brissaud and C. Zivie-Coche, Tanis : travaux récents sur le Tell Sân el-Hagar - MFFT 1987-1997, Paris, 379-389.
Herrmann, C., Staubli, T., Berger-Lober, S., Keel, O., Schönbächler, G. 2010, 1001 Amulett : altägyptischer Zauber, monotheisierte Talismane, säkulare Magie, Bibel+Orient-Museum, Liebefeld, Stuttgart.
Masson, A. forthcoming, ‘Naukratis: Egyptian offerings in context’, in M. Bergeron and A. Masson (eds.), Naukratis in Context II: Cults, Sanctuaries and Offerings. Proceedings of the Second Naukratis Project Workshop held at The British Museum, 22nd-23rd June 2013.
Wilson, K.L. 1982, Cities of the Delta, Part II: Mendes – Preliminary Report on the 1979 and 1980 Seasons (American Research Center in Egypt Report 5), Malibu.
- Not on display
- Rather fair, modern glue on back
- Acquisition date
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: 1987.288 (Accession Number)