Mould-made scarab in glazed composition; back badly eroded with some remains of prothorax division; at side, legs indicated with some incisions (in shape of triangle) and horizontal grooves either side; according to better preserved examples, underside stamped (rather than incised) with falcon holding flail to right and half a cartouche to left, containing three debased hieroglyphic signs; pale greenish blue glaze, mostly gone; medium coarse core buff, sandy brown in colour; surfaces all worn.
- Production date
- 600 BC-570 BC (mainly)
Height: 0.50 centimetres
Length: 1.30 centimetres
Width: 0.90 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- The association of a falcon holding a flail with a half cartouche was popular on scarabs and scaraboids produced at Naukratis (on the various productions of the Scarab Factory, see Webb forthcoming). This scarab belongs to a type which was widely distributed in the Mediterranean area and Southern Russia (Gorton 1996, 103-107, type XXVIII B, subtype B1-12, especially close to B2).
Petrie illustrated variants of this association of an animal - often a falcon or a mythical creature - with a debased hieroglyphic inscription (Petrie 1886, pl. XXXVII, no. 71-78). The hieroglyphs, as seen in many similar examples, are often interpreted as a debased version of pharaohs' names (Gorton 1996, 93). For a similar motif on scarabs and scaraboids from Naukratis see: Boston, Museum of Fine Arts 86.695; Paris, Louvre Museum E8056 bis.9; Sydney, The Nicholson Museum, University of Sydney NM00.128.6; BM 1886,0401.1647 (in Egyptian blue).
Gorton, A.F. 1996, Egyptian and Egyptianizing scarabs: a typology of steatite, faience, and paste scarabs from Punic and other Mediterranean sites, Oxford.
Petrie, W.M.F. 1886, Naukratis. Part I, 1884–5 (Third Memoir of the Egypt Exploration Fund), London.
Webb, V. forthcoming, Faience finds from Naukratis and their implications for the chronology of the site, in R. Thomas (ed.), forthcoming. Naukratis in Context I: The Nile Delta as a Landscape of Connectivity. Proceedings of the First Naukratis Project Workshop held at The British Museum 16th – 17th December 2011.
- Not on display
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: H5115.14 (Accession Number)