Mould-made amuletic figure in glazed composition, representing a human-shaped male deity (possibly Nefertum?); in striding pose, leaning against a back pillar, his arms to his sides, wearing a kilt, a false bird, and a tripartite wig; crude features, with a few incisions (navel, kilt); roughly made; red-brown green glaze, eroded; yellowish core; broken off below thighs, head top and headdress lost.
- Production date
- 664 BC - 332 BC (possibly)
Height: 3.80 centimetres
Length: 1.40 centimetres
Width: 1.70 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- If the identification of Nefertum is correct, this amulet belongs to a type of amulet relatively well represented in Naukratis, may the figure be in copper alloy, glazed composition or stone (Masson forthcoming). Nefertum is a deity particularly revered in the Memphite region, as the son in the Memphite sacred triad, and at Bubastis through his close association with Bastet/Sekhmet (Weiss 2012, 106). His cult was however relatively popular in the whole Delta region. During the Late Period, Nefertum’s role widened to ‘bearer of good fortune’ explaining his popularity as an amuletic figure (Heinz 2011, 217).
On amulets of Nefertum see: Andrews 1994, 18-19; Herrmann et al. 2010, 56 (type 24).
Andrews, C. 1994, Amulets of Ancient Egypt, London.
Heinz, S. 2011, ‘The lead statuettes and amulets of Heracleion-Thonis’, in A. C. Smith and M. E. Bergeron (eds), The Gods of Small Things, Toulouse, 211-232.
Herrmann, C., Staubli, T., Berger-Lober, S., Keel, O., Schönbächler, G. 2010, 1001 Amulett : altägyptischer Zauber, monotheisierte Talismane, säkulare Magie, Bibel+Orient-Museum, Liebefeld, Stuttgart.
Masson, A. forthcoming, ‘A reflexion on Egyptian metal offerings from Naukratis’, in Heracleion in context: The maritime economy of the Egyptian Late Period, Proceedings of the conference in the University of Oxford, 15-17 March 2013.
Weiss, K. 2012, Ägyptische Tier- und Götterbronzen aus Unterägypten: Untersuchungen zu Typus, Ikonographie und Funktion sowie der Bedeutung innerhalb der Kulturkontakte zu Griechenland, Ägypten und Altes Testament 81.
- Not on display
- Quite poor, broken and worn.
- Acquisition date
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: 9,9,86,74 (Accession Number)