Amuletic figure representing the dwarf god Pataikos ('Ptah-Sokar-Osiris') in glazed composition, green glaze (description after EES distribution list). Description from Boston records: 'Similar [to P.5196 = 86.798], but softer and whiter, slight traces of green. The form is complete, but the lines are much worn. Same style and attitude: the feet close together on a thin square plinth, one corner of which is gone. Ring at the back of the neck'.
- Production date
- 6thC BC (?)
Height: 3.80 centimetres
Width: 1.80 centimetres
Depth: 1.30 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- The amulet to which the Boston records refers to represents the dwarf god Pataikos, naked, crouching with legs apart and holding hands either side of protruding stomach; the facial features are quite well shaped, with a line incised at the limit of the shaven hair; no back pillar; legs likely and arms in open-work; two small circular shallow incisions above buttocks; reeded loop behind neck level for suspension fashioned at back (P.5196 =86.798). Its overall size is however larger that the amulet here.
Pataikos might be related with the god Ptah as a craftman god (Andrews 1994, 39). He is definitely linked with the other dwarf god Bes, with whom he appears often on the same amulet or in the same context (on the relationship between these two gods: Bulté 1998, 379 and 382). As an amulet, Pataikos seems to appear as early as the 6th dynasty, although amulets of the dwarf god are better identified from the New Kingdom onwards (Andrews 1994, 39). His amulets are very common during the Late and Ptolemaic periods (as illustrated in Mendes: Wilson 1982, 32, pl. XXIX n°3-4) and as popular as Bes in Naukratis (Masson forthcoming).
For various types of Pataikos amulets see: Herrmann et al. 2010, 75-79 (type 36).
Considering its context of discovery, it should be dated to the 26th dynasty. However, the registers of the Museum of Fine Arts tend to allocate the Scarab Factory as a findspot for not only scarabs, scaraboids and their moulds, but also all types of amulets from Naukratis. Caution is therefore required for the dating and the findspot. Let's note that the records written (or at least supervised by) Amelia Edwards mention the Scarab Factory as the findspot too.
Andrews, C. 1994, Amulets of Ancient Egypt, London.
Bulté, J. 1998, ‘À propos d'une tête de Patèque de Tanis Sân 93-351, OAE 3423’, in P. Brissaud and C. Zivie-Coche, Tanis : travaux récents sur le Tell Sân el-Hagar - MFFT 1987-1997, Paris, 379-389.
Herrmann, C., Staubli, T., Berger-Lober, S., Keel, O., Schönbächler, G. 2010, 1001 Amulett : altägyptischer Zauber, monotheisierte Talismane, säkulare Magie, Bibel+Orient-Museum, Liebefeld, Stuttgart.
Masson, A. forthcoming, ‘Naukratis: Egyptian offerings in context’, in M. Bergeron and A. Masson (eds.), Naukratis in Context II: Cults, Sanctuaries and Offerings. Proceedings of the Second Naukratis Project Workshop held at The British Museum, 22nd-23rd June 2013.
Wilson, K.L. 1982, Cities of the Delta, Part II: Mendes – Preliminary Report on the 1979 and 1980 Seasons (American Research Center in Egypt Report 5), Malibu.
- Not on display
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: P.5197 (Pottery & Porcelain Ledger No.)
Miscellaneous number: RES.86.263 (Accession Number)