Copper alloy arrow-head with short triangular point, trefoil section and short socket. Also known as trilobate, or 'Scythian type'. Each side has a hollow panel, leaving ridges at corners. Corroded, encrusted and bent.
- Production date
- 550BC - 350BC
Length: 2.60 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- Socketed trilobate type arrow-heads are common in the Middle East from the 7th century BC and subsequently in Greece and Egypt. During the course of the 4th century BC arrow heads tend to become larger and this short type is abandoned. Parallels from Olympia are tentatively given a Classical date of the 5th to early 4th century BC (Baitinger 2001, fig. 472 Dreiflügelige Tüllenpfeilspitzen type IID3). This type is cited as evidence by Snodgrass of Persian archers at the battles of Marathon and Thermopylae and was adopted in Greece subsequently, though this type is dated elsewhere to the 7th century BC onwards (Snodgrass 1964, 154 small ‘Scythian’, ‘pyramidal’ socketed bronze Form 3C3; 1967, 99; Erdmann 1973, 45 ‘Pyramid’ Form CIIc2 dated to 7th or 6th to 4th centuries BC). Parallels are known from Tell Dafana and the nearby site of T21 that Oren identifies as ‘Migdol’ (Oren 1984, 25, fig. 26.6, 44 dated to late 7th to 6th centuries BC). For a discussion of provenance see also Pelleg et. al. 1983. See BM EA 1885,1101.96 for a larger type also from Naukratis.
Baitinger, H. 2001, Die Angriffswaffen aus Olympia, Berlin & New York.
Erdmann, E. 1973. ‘Die sogenannten Marathonpfeilspitzen in Karlsruhe’, Archäologischer Anzeiger 88, 30-58. British Museum parallels from Egypt BM/BIG 42174.
James, S. 2004, The Arms and Armour, and other Military Equipment. Excavations at Dura-Europos 1928-1937, London.
Forsdyke E. J. 1919/20, ‘Some arrow-heads from the battlefield of Marathon’, Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of London 2.32, 146-157.
Oren, E. D. 1984, ‘Migdol: A New Fortress on the Edge of the Eastern Nile Delta’, Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 256, 7-44.
Pelleg, J., Baram, J. and Oren, E. D. 1983, ‘Analysis of bronze arrowheads of the Saite period from the Nile Delta region’, Metallography 16.1, 81-98.
Snodgrass, A. M. 1964, Early Greek armour and weapons from the end of the Bronze Age to 600 BC, Edinburgh.
Snodgrass, A. M. 1967, Arms and armour of the Greeks, London.
- Not on display
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: 88.755 (Accession Number)
Miscellaneous number: M.1515 (Metalworks ledger number)