Mould-made scaraboid (likely) in glazed composition; very rubbed back, possibly in the shape of cowroid; base crudely decorated with falcon holding a flail to right and half a cartouche to left, containing three debased hieroglyphic signs; inscription separated from falcon by vertical line; motif possibly incised rather than stamped (?); pierced lengthwise; some remains of pale yellow glaze; yellowish white paste; very eroded surface.
- Production date
- 600 BC - 570 BC (mainly)
Length: 1.20 centimetres
Thickness: 0.50 centimetres
Width: 0.90 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- The association of a falcon holding a flail with a half cartouche was popular on scarabs and scaraboids produced at Naukratis (on the various productions of the Scarab Factory, see Webb forthcoming). This scaraboid belongs to a type which was widely distributed in the Mediterranean area and in southern Russia (Gorton 1996, 103-107, type XXVIII B, subtype B1-12 and B13-14, but no specimen in the shape of cowroid is listed).
Petrie illustrated variants of this association of an animal - often a falcon or a mythical creature - with a debased hieroglyphic inscription (Petrie 1886, pl. XXXVII, no. 71-78). The hieroglyphs, as seen in many similar examples, are often interpreted as a debased version of pharaohs' names (Gorton 1996, 93).
For a similar motif on scarabs and scaraboids from Naukratis see: Boston, Museum of Fine Arts 86.695; Bristol, City Art Gallery & Museum H5115.14; Sydney, The Nicholson Museum, University of Sydney NM00.128.6; BM 1886,0401.1647 (in Egyptian blue).
Gorton, A.F. 1996, Egyptian and Egyptianizing scarabs: a typology of steatite, faience, and paste scarabs from Punic and other Mediterranean sites, Oxford.
Petrie, W.M.F. 1886, Naukratis. Part I, 1884–5 (Third Memoir of the Egypt Exploration Fund), London.
- Not on display
- Rather poor
- Acquisition date
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: E8056 bis.9 (Accession Number)