- Museum number
Hollow-cast copper alloy hump-backed bull with ear-ring in left ear; decoration of swastikas and circles on the hump.
- Production date
- 9thC BC (circa)
Height: 11.70 centimetres
Length: 14 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- Res.Lab assessment dated 13/7/1972
Nature of metal: spectrographic analysis of sample indicates that it is a bronze containing silver, iron, silicon, lead, arsenic, bismuth, magnesium and calcium - consistent with supposed age and provenance.
Nature of mineralization: well mineralized with large areas of cuprite exposed - under microscope overlying corrosion layers appear to have been cleaned off mechanically. X-ray diffraction showed black layers to be temorite (copper oxide), red layers to be cuprite, green layer possily substituted hydroxy copper sulphate hydrate - all natural copper minerals and their micro-structures suggest that they have been formed slowly.
Conclusion: balance of evidence with age assigned on stylistic grounds.
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
2003 19 March-7 June, Greece, Athens, Benaki Museum, 'The Bull in the Mediterranean World'
2002-2003 14 November-6 March, Spain, Barcelona, Salo del Tinell, 'The Bull in the Mediterranean World'
1995-2005 17 November-14 December, London, BM, G52/IRAN/24
1994, London, BM, G49/IRAN, case 24
1977, London, BM, Animals in Art
1975, London, BM, Iranian Room [IR], case 2, no. 2
- Acquisition date
- Middle East
- BM/Big number
- Registration number