- Museum number
Flat-bottomed horizontally-fluted cylindrical silver beaker (kalathos); 19 horizontal flutes around the body and a rosette on the exterior base; outer rim decorated with an engraved register of alternating open and closed lotus blossoms; possible centering mark on the exterior base but subsequently attacked by corrosion as are the lower part of the walls.
- Production date
- 5thC BC-4thC BC
Diameter: 5 centimetres (at base)
Diameter: 8.60 centimetres (at rim)
Height: 7.30 centimetres
Weight: 219.70 grammes
Thickness: 0.30 centimetres (wall at the rim)
Volume: 175 millilitres (full)
- Curator's comments
- The horizontal fluting was a characteristic surface treatment of Achaemenid metalwares. This type of vessel was copied by Greek potters as Attic black-gloss fineware during the second quarter of the 5th century BC. Type also found in silver in the Boukyovtsi treasure which has been independently attributed a late 5th or early 4th century BC date (published in I. Venedikov & T. Gerassimov, 'Thracian Art Treasures', Sofia: Bulgarski Houdozhnik Publishing House & London: Laxton, 1975, p. 360, no. 151). Radiographic examination leaves it open as to whether it was formed by casting (as suggested by Shefton) or hammering (as was typical of Achaemenid metalworking), although it is possible to hammer sheet of this thickness. The centering mark on the underside derives from the laying out of the design. XRF indicates a composition of 97% silver, 3% copper, 0.2% lead, 0.3% gold, which is in good agreement with other published analyses of Achaemenid silver, but it should be noted that corrosion will have removed some of the base metal from the surface so that the actual silver fineness will be a slightly lower than these surface measurements.
- On display (G52/dc3)
- Exhibition history
2013 22 Mar-3 Nov, Lokschuppen Rosenheim, Alexander the Great
G52/IRAN/7/10, from official opening 17/11/95-Aug 2005.
G49/IRAN, case 7, no. 7, 16 Jun-23 Dec 1994.
- Acquisition date
- Middle East
- BM/Big number
- Registration number