- Museum number
Pale white-grey chalcedony cylinder seal; horseman facing right and lion. The horseman wears a round cap with a neck flap or tie, and is dressed in a knee-length, belted tunic and trousers; at his waist, slung from his left side, he carries a bow case with gorytus tip or gorytus with the top terminating in a bird-like curve, he draws a composite bow, depicted as a semi-circle with curved extremities, and aims an arrow at a lion. The horse is covered with a rectangular saddle; its head is long and narrow, with pointed ear and forelock; the tail, which is possibly bound at the upper end, streams backwards and the forelegs are extended, with a slight downward bend at the joints. The lion is snarling, rampant and regardant, and leaps forward with extended forepaws; its mane is suggested by the strong neck ending in a ridge at the shoulder, the long tail curls round and the hind paws are depicted by double short strokes. A crescent is placed just before the lion, but only half of it remains owing to a chip; seal is worn along the edges with one large chip on the upper surface, obliterating a small part of the engraving.
- Production date
- 750BC-550BC (circa)
Diameter: 1.20 centimetres
Height: 2.35 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- According to catalogue "a horseman wearing similar headgear, drawing a bow and carrying a bow case at his waist, appears on an impression on a tablet dated to the sixth year of Darius I. The same type of rider and stance of the horse with its free-flowing tail are paralleled on a white chalcedony seal in the Bibliotheque Nationale and on a chalcedony sel in Berlin which is catalogued as belonging to the period of the Assyrian Empire and dated to the eighth to seventh centuries".
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
2006 7 Mar-11 Jun, Barcelona, Fundacion La Caixa, 'L'imperi Oblidat'
2005-2006 Sept-Jan, London, BM, 'Forgotten Empire'
G52/IRAN/5, from official opening 17/11/95-6/12/05.
- Fair / poor; seal is worn along the edges with one large chip on the upper surface, obliterating a small part of the engraving.
- Acquisition date
- Middle East
- BM/Big number
- Registration number