- Museum number
Brown and cream with some turquoise-blue areas glass cylinder seal. The glass was originally turquoise- blue (coloured by copper which was detected by XRF) and opacified by calcium antimonate (identified by XRD). A bearded figure (head damaged), wearing a long robe with a fringed edge across his left shoulder and hanging from his left arm, stands facing left with his right hand raised, and faces seven vertical lines of cuneiform inscription written in reverse on the seal so as to be read on the impression. Before him, from top to bottom, is a framed Kassite cross, a cross made up of four rhombs (each enclosing a smaller rhomb) and an ear of wheat.
Diameter: 2 centimetres
Height: 5.60 centimetres
- Curator's comments
The seal was one of “four cylinder seals of glazed frit bearing inscriptions” (U.12688-12691). They were found in a recess (another of these is U.12690: (BM 122539) and a third is a close parallel to (BM129572). A “hinge socket box of the Kassite period” contained “a socket-stone of Kuri-Galzu, U. 12503” (Woolley 1939, p. 90).
Matthews (1990, p. 86) considers this seal to be “transitional to Second Kassite” because of its softer material, dress and cross formed from rhombs that make it “not quite First Kassite”, setting it “stylistically” between First and Second Kassite, and “relatively early” (pp. 55 n. 8, 63 n. 87, 70 n. 173, 77 n. 245). For other possible glass examples, see Matthews 1990, p. 90 n. 12.
Extensively weathered. Surface partly flaked away with large chips extending from the edges, possibly due to the forcible removal of decorative metal (gold?) caps.
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Middle East
- BM/Big number
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Excavation/small finds number: U.12688 (excavation number)