- Museum number
Portrait of Emperor Jahangir with his sons Khusraw and Parviz; single-page painting mounted on a detached album folio (B side).
Jahangir is shown seated under a canopy giving private audience to his two sons. The emperor is surrounded by five figures comprising the two princes bearing fruit and wine, two servants and a page holding a flywhisk. The figures appear with their bodies in three-quarter view and heads in full profile. A single tree and flat green landscape with a blue sky on the horizon appear in the background. The image is entirely coloured with detailed patterning on the canopy and carpet. A dark blue border filled with a scrolling vegetal design frames the image. The border itself is emphasised further with outlines in black, white, blue and gold.
Ink, opaque watercolour and gold on paper.
- Production date
- 1610 (circa)
Height: 21 centimetres (image)
Height: 24 centimetres (sheet)
Width: 15.50 centimetres (image)
Width: 18.60 centimetres (sheet)
- Curator's comments
- This formal portrait of Jahangir with his sons Khusraw and Parviz and attendants gives little indication of the true relationship between father and sons. In 1605, Khusraw was imprisoned by his father for seditious activities, and his mother commited suicide in grief at her son’s actions. Khusraw escaped, but was caught and returned to his father. Here, the two sons serve their father, offering him wine and fruit, acknowledging his authority as father and sovereign. In later life, Jahangir became addicted to wine and opium, which he consumed together from tiny enamelled gold cups.
Manohar, the artist to whom this painting is attributed, is believed to have painted a similar small royal group portrait (see Canby, Princes, Poets & Paladins, cat. no. 109). This latter portrait may have originally depicted Jahangir and his sons and later been altered to show Shah Jahan and his sons. The formality of poses and setting on a veranda are the same in both paintings.
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
1976 13 Apr-11 Jul, BM, 'Paintings from the Muslim Courts of India'
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- Transferred from the Department of Oriental Manuscripts and Printed Books ((OMPB). Originally purchased from Richard Grenville, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, through A E Evans OMPB Sons at Sotheby’s at the Stowe sale, 5-14.iii.1849/172.).
- Middle East
- Registration number