- Museum number
Copper alloy incense burner or lamp, cast in two parts with a shallow disc bowl originally attached to a separate flared stand cast on a clay core.
- Production date
Height: 19 centimetres
- Curator's comments
Several examples with this particular shape have been found in South Arabia, including one almost identical example excavated, amongst many other fine items including iron weapons, gold jewellery, a silver belt buckle and buttons, ivory boxes, bronze and glass vessels, in an intact tomb (Tomb 3) of a man in the cemetery at Umm Hunayka, near the site of Hajar am-Dhaybiyya in the Wādī Ḍura’ (Shabwa province)(Breton and Bāfaqīh 1993: n. 39, tav. 8, fig. 16; tav. 28, fig. 84; Simpson ed. 2002, p. 207, no. 316). The bronze lamp bears the inscription 'Abīkarib son of Rebḥum has dedicated these ten lamps' was found still standing upright at his feet; it has been dated to the 1st-2nd centuies AD. It is odd that there were dedications the tombs, particularly as in some instances they were dedications from different peoples in the same graves. It is likely that these objects were booty (Robin and Bāfaqīh 1993, 75), possibly captured in the temple of a rival tribe by the warrior in the grave. Similar examples have also been found at Hayd ibn Aqil (REF ???).
Breton J.-F., Bāfaqīh M.A., 1993. Trésors du Wādī Ḍuraʾ (République du Yemen). Fouilles franco-yéménites de la nécropole de Hajar am-Dhabiyya (Institute français d'archéologie du Proche-Orient). (Bibliothèque archéologique et historique, vol. 141). Paris: IFAPO.
Robin and Bāfaqīh 1993. Les inscriptions sur les objects, Trésors du Wādī Ḍuraʾ (République du Yemen). Fouilles franco-yéménites de la nécropole de Hajar am-Dhabiyya (Institute français d'archéologie du Proche-Orient). (Bibliothèque archéologique et historique, vol. 141), 71-75. Paris: IFAPO.
Incense burners consisting of a bowl or container on a tall stand have a long history of use in the ancient Near East (A. Invernizzi, 1997: "Near-Eastern incense-burners and pyraeums I millennium B.C. - I millennium A.D.", 'Al-Rafidan' 18, pp. 241-61).
Record card description misleadingly given as: "Splaying foot of vessel or piece of furniture with moulded member. Foot is trumpet shaped. Inside plugged with bitumen".
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- see Trustees' Minutes and letter from Hallett accepting £17 or £18 on behalf of Brenchley for "the collection of inscriptions, relics, etc. contained in the two boxes already delivered to you" (ANE Correspondence, dated 3 September 1906).
- Middle East
- BM/Big number
- Registration number