- Museum number
- Series: The Amarna Letters
Clay cuneiform tablet; letter from Burra-Buriyash of Babylon to Naphurareya (Akhenaten); 35 lines; written in complicated Babylonian; corners are broken.
- Production date
- 14thC BC
Height: 13.50 centimetres
Weight: 0.37 kilograms
Width: 7 centimetres
Depth: 3 centimetres
- Curator's comments
C. Bezold and E.W. Budge, ‘The Tell el-Amarna Tablets in the British Museum, (London 1892), 3, pl. 10;
J.A. Knudtzon, ‘Die El-Amarna-Tafeln’ vol. 1, (Leipzig, 1907), pp. 90-93;
W.L. Moran, ‘The Amarna Letters’ (Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1992), pp. 19-20.
In this letter to the king of Egypt, called Naphurareya (Akhenaten), the king of Babylon, Burra-Buriyash recognises the continuing friendship of their countries, but complains of a lack of gift giving. He states that he received only 5 minas of poor quality gold, rather than 20, and suggests that the Egyptian king send representations of animals by skilled craftsmen. Burra-Buriyash sends 2 minas of lapis lazuli with his letter, as well as a necklace of lapis lazuli beads shaped like crickets for the daughter of Akhenaten, Mayati (Meritaten).
This clay tablet was found in the modern city of el-Amarna (ancient Akhetaten) along with over 350 others, the majority being diplomatic letters. They are written in cuneiform script, which served as the language of international relations at the time. The Amarna letters concern diplomatic relations between Egypt and both large rival empires and small vassal city states, and deal with matters such as economic exchange, diplomatic marriages, and military threats.
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
2011 Jul–Sept, Newcastle, Great North Museum, Pharaoh: King of Egypt
2012 Oct–Jan, Dorchester, Dorset County Museum, Pharaoh: King of Egypt
2012 Feb–June, Leeds City Museum, Pharaoh: King of Egypt
2012 Jul-Oct, Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, Pharaoh: King of Egypt
2012 Nov– Feb 2013, Glasgow, Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum, Pharaoh: King of Egypt
2013 Mar–Aug, Bristol Museum and Art Gallery, Pharaoh: King of Egypt
2016 8 Mar–12 Jun, Cleveland, Cleveland Museum of Art, Pharaoh: King of Egypt
2018 7 Jun–16 Sep, Barcelona, La Caixa, Pharaoh: King of Egypt
2018-2019 16 Oct–20 Jan, Madrid, La Caixa, Pharaoh: King of Egypt
2019 19 Feb–25 Aug, Girona, La Caixa, Pharaoh: King of Egypt
2019-2020 24 Sept–12 Jan, Seville, La Caixa, Pharaoh: King of Egypt
2020–2021 11 Feb–21 Feb, Tarragona, La Caixa, Pharaoh: King of Egypt
2021 25 Mar–15 Aug, Santiago de Compostela, Museo Centro de Gaias, Pharaoh King of Egypt
2021-2022 15 Sep–9 Jan, Zaragoza, La Caixa, Pharaoh: King of Egypt
2022 10 Feb–15 May, Palma, La Caixa, Pharaoh King of Egypt
2022-2023 21 Jun–26 Feb, Valencia, La Caixa, Pharaoh: King of Egypt
- Fair; corners are broken.
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- Purchased by Budge in Egypt.
- Middle East
- BM/Big number
- Registration number