- Museum number
Mortar or palate made of a basaltic material (possibly gabbro); round shallow body with convex sides, on a ring base; upturning rim; almost complete but reconstructed from three joining fragments (with small amounts of fill vetween thwe sherds), portion of the rim is missing and the surface is pitted with small depressions.
- Production date
- 1650 BC-1050 BC
Diameter: 19 centimetres ((rim))
Diameter: 10 centimetres (ring base)
Height: 2.50 centimetres
- Curator's comments
- For the type, see SCE IV/D, 536, Mortar 1 and fig. 71, 28 (from Enkomi). Courtois 1984, 137-140 provides additional examples together with more general comments on mortars and pestles. For two examples of ring base mortars from Kalavasos-Ayios Dhimitrios, see South in South et al. 1989, 31 ('ring base mortars') and pl. XIV, fig. 34. These are larger than the present item (at 35cm and 50cm respectively); made from imported Levantine vesicular basalt, they have a similarly fine interior polish to this mortar.
The precise findspot of this item is not indicated in the register or archives but mortars like this have been found in both settlement and tomb contexts across the island in the Late Bronze Age (and become particularly commonly in the LCIIC and IIIA periods). Given that Lang's collection of Bronze Age pottery was found in tombs in the broader Dhali area, by the local population and by Lang and his consular colleagues, this iitem is likely to have come from this source rather than from a settlement or sanctuary context (unless it was reused in the Sanctuary of Reshef-Apollo in the first millennium BC).
Courtois, J.-C. 1984, Alasia III. Les objets des niveaux stratifiés d'Enkomi. Fouilles C.F.A. Schaeffer (1947-1970). Mission Archéoloque d'Alasia VI. Mémoire Éditions Recherches sur les Civilisations 32 (Paris: ERC).
South, A. et al. 1989, Kalavasos-Ayios Dhimitrios II. Ceramics. objects, tombs, specialist studies. Vasilikos Valley Project 3. SIMA LXXI:3 (Göteborg: P. Åström).
- Not on display
- Fair; chipped.
- Acquisition date
- Middle East
- BM/Big number
- Registration number