- Museum number
Landsknecht (mercenary); soldier wearing a cloak and plumed hat, holding a halberd. c.1512-15
Pen and black ink, sheet cut down
- Production date
- 1512-1515 (circa)
Height: 275 millimetres
Width: 175 millimetres
- Curator's comments
Text for exhibition catalogue for tour of Korea, 2005:
'Hans Schäufelein was one of the most talented artists to emerge from the workshop of Albrecht Dürer. He was a printmaker and designer of stained glass, and was employed as the municipal painter of Nördlingen in south Germany for the last twenty years of his life.
The subject of this drawing is related to numerous prints of military figures Schäufelein made for the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian (ruled 1508 - 1519 ) whose large and sophisticated print projects commissioned to glorify his dynasty are a major artistic achievement of the period. The ostentatious feathers, particularly the peacock plume, in the figure’s headdress and the long weapon, a halberd, that he holds, are characteristic features of the German landsknecht, mercenary soldiers who fought for opposing princely factions across Europe during the sixteenth century.'
LITERATURE: Hausmann, Naumann's Archiv, p. 39, no. 97; Hausmann, p. 110, no. 81; BM Guide, 1901, p. 17, no. A.75; Parker, German Schools, p. 29, no. 25, repr.; BM Guide, 1928, p. 36, no. 318; Winkler, K&S, pp. 130, 153, no. 52, repr.
This study of a landsknecht with a halberd and a 'hand and a half sword, should be linked, to judge from the style, with the group of separate woodcuts of soldiers, credibly dated to the years 1512-15 by Dodgson, when Schäufelein was employed in designing blocks for the Emperor's literary projects. The right-hand figure in ‘Two landsknechts conversing’ (Dodgson, ii, p. 34, no. 90) is the closest in its attitude to that in SL,5218.97, although the landsknecht here, unlike all the other drawings and woodcuts of such mercenaries, stands in an uncharacteristically dignified pose. Winkler, perhaps hinting at the same calmness, describes the line as the most impersonal among all Schäufelein's drawings of landsknechts.
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
1901, BM London, Guide Drawings&Sketches Old Masters, no. A75
1928 BM London, Guide Woodcuts, Drawings of A. Dürer, no. 318
2005 April-July, Seoul Arts Centre, 'BM Treasures...'
2005 July-Oct, Korea, Busan Museum, 'BM Treasures...'
2005/6 Oct-Jan, Daegu, Keimyung Univ. Museum, 'BM Treasures...'
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: C,07.97