- Museum number
- Object: Apollo
Apollo and Diana; the nude Apollo standing to front, his head in profile to right, holding the sun in his left hand, a staff in the other, at right Diana also nude, seen from behind.
Pen and brown ink, with black ink, touched with white (oxidised) ?, with lines indented
- Production date
- 1501-1504 (circa)
Height: 283 millimetres
Width: 205 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- This drawing, which, like Dürer's 'Pupila Augusta' ( Windsor Castle, The Royal Library, inv.no 12175) has an inverted inscription, was intended as a study for a print, perhaps of the sun-god standing on his own, which was never executed. The addition of the seated figure of Diana suggests that Dürer was influenced by the engraving of the same subject by Jacopo de' Barbari whom he met in 1500. The figure of Apollo is one of the first of Dürer's proportional studies of the male body. The proportions of this figure are more elongated than those in the slightly earlier drawing of a female figure and the engraved figure of the 'Nemesis' (see cat. nos. 70,72) and are more in keeping with classical ideals. It has been suggested that Dürer derived his figure from drawings or prints of the famous antique sculpture known as the 'Apollo Belvedere' which was discovered in Rome at the end of the fifteenth century (and would have been known through prints, such as the engraving by Nicoletto da Modena of c.1500, Bartsch, xiii, p. 282, no. 50). Dürer traced through the outlines of this drawing to transfer the figure to another sheet, the 'Apollo with bow and solar disk' in New York (Strauss 1501/8). He subsequently used the proportions and pose of both these 'Apollo' drawings, and a further study of a male nude based on a classical antique in Berlin (Kupferstichkabinett, KdZ. 5017) for his Adam in the engraving of 1504.
Lit from J.Rowlands 'Drawings by German Artists and Artists from German-speaking regions of Europe in the Department of Prints and Drawings at the British Museum: the Fifteenth Century, and the Sixteenth Century by Artists born before 1530', London, BM Press, 1993, no. 156: Hausmann, Naumann's Archiv, p. 42, no. 183; Hausmann, p. 112, no. 157; Ephrussi, pp. 74ff.; Thausing, i, pp. 227f.; Lippmann, part xxiii, p. 6, no. 233, repr.; Conway, p. 19, no. 296; Pauli, p. 9, no. 154; E. Panofsky, Prussian Jahrbuch, xli, 1920, pp. 362ff., repr.; BM Guide, 1928, p. 21, no. 205; Tietze, i, pp. 68-69, no. 231, repr.; Flechsig, Dürer, ii, pp. 153ff.; Winkler, Dürer, i, pp. 180ff., no. 261, repr.; Panofsky, ii, p. 149, no. 1599; Winkler, Leben, p. 146; Rupprich, ii, p. 45, no. 5, 2; M. Winner, Berlin Jahrbuch, x, 1968, p. 188; E. Pogány-Balás, Acta Hist. Art., xvii, 1971, pp. 76ff., repr.; Rowlands, Dürer, p. 18, no. 95, repr.; Strauss, ii, p. 580, no. 1501/7, repr.; Nuremberg, Gothic & Renaissance, pp. 285f., under no. 115; BM Dürer and Holbein, pp. 78, 80, no. 51, repr.; K. Andrews, Burlington, cxxx, 1988, p. 787
Further lit: R. Schoch in 'Albrecht Dürer. Das druckgraphische Werk' Band I, 'Kupferstiche, Eisenradierungen und Kaltnadelblätter' Munich, 2001, p.112, under no. 39; G.Bartrum, 'Dürer and his Legacy', exh.cat. London, British Museum, 2002, no. 84; B.Hinz in 'Albrecht Dürer', exh.cat. Vienna, Albertina, 2003, no. 62; S. Meurer in 'Dürer e l'Italia', exh.cat. Rome, Scuderie del Quirinale, 2007, no. II.21; B. Böckem in 'Apelles am Fürstenhof: Facetten der Hofkunst um 1500 im Alten Reich' exhibition catalogue, Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg, 2010, cat.no.2.1.03
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
1891 Feb-Mar, BM, 'Exhibition of Drawings and Sketches'
1928 BM London, Guide Woodcuts, Drawings of A. Dürer, no. 205
1971 BM, 'Dürer', no. 95
1988 Jul-Oct, BM, 'Age of Dürer & Holbein', no.51
1993 Sep-Nov, Tokyo, NM of Western Art, 'Renaissance in Vatican' no.45
2000/1 Dec-Feb, BM Great Court, 'Human Image'
2002/3 Dec-Mar, BM, 'Dürer and his Legacy', no.84
2003 Sep-Dec, Vienna, Albertina, 'Albrecht Dürer', no.62
2007 Mar-Jun, Rome, Scuderie del Quirinale, 'Dürer and Italy'
2010 Aug-Nov, Coburg, Kunst Sammlungen, Apelles at the Princely Courts
EMBARGOED UNTIL 2020
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: C,07.183