- Museum number
Four scenes from the life of knights and landsknechts, design for a glass-painting; at centre, a crowned head of a woman on a shield
Pen and black and brown ink, over black chalk, the head of the woman in black chalk
- Production date
- 1500-1540 (circa)
Height: 267 millimetres
Width: 267 millimetres (circular)
- Curator's comments
- Rowlands 1993
LITERATURE: BM Guide, 1928, p. 36, no. 317; Winkler, K&S, pp. 129, 151, under no. 43, p. 168; E. Schilling, Zeitschr. f. Kunstwiss., ix, 1955, pp. 156-7, 173, 175-6, 178, no. II, repr.; BM Dürer and Holbein, p. 202, no. 171, repr.
The glass-painting for which Schäufelein produced this design was formerly in the Schlossmuseum, Berlin, but was destroyed with the rest of the painted-glass collection in 1945 (Schilling, op. cit., p. 174, pl. 24). The window, dated 1510, was in the main carried out in accordance with the design, except that the arms of the German empire with the double-headed eagle replaced the crowned female bust in the shield at the centre of the drawing.
This glass-painting had two companion quatrefoil windows with heraldic shields at their centres, also formerly in the Schlossmuseum, one of ‘Four scenes from the life of St John the Baptist with the arms of the bishopric of Augsburg’, and the other of ‘Four Labours of Hercules’. The design for the former, in the Uffizi, Florence (Winkler, ‘K&S’, pl. 43), has in the centre of the shield a putto holding a standard and another playing two small kettle-drums. A further design of the same format, signed with the artist's monogram and emblem, a small shovel, of ‘Scenes from the life of St Andrew’ (Schilling, op. cit., p. 157, pl. 8) was formerly in the collection of G. Schwarting, Delmenhorst, near Bremen, and is now in the Pierpont Morgan Library, New York; a preliminary sketch for the left-hand scene is in the Bibliothèque National, Paris, (inv. no. L.31. B.13 rés.; Schilling, op. cit., p. 158, pl. 9).
With the exception of the last drawing all these designs were completed for presentation to the patron so that he could see how the finished work would appear. The only other design of this kind by Schäufelein known to us is the finished composition study for the central panel of the high altarpiece at Auhausen (SL,5218.189 recto).
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
1928 BM London, Guide Woodcuts, Drawings of A. Dürer, no. 317
1988 Jul-Oct, BM, Age of Dürer & Holbein, no. 171
2000 Jul-Sep, Getty, LA, 'Painting on Light'
2000/01 Nov-Jan, St. Louis AM, 'Painting on Light'
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: C,07.122