- Museum number
Portrait of Oliver Cromwell, three-quarter length, wearing an armour, with a page, in an ornate frame with initials and coat of arm at the bottom. 1651/53
- Production date
Height: 361 millimetres (trimmed)
Width: 263 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- (Text from Antony Griffiths, 'The Print in Stuart Britain', BM 1998, cat. 116)
This print shows Cromwell as General of the Army of the English Republic, Governor of Scotland and Chancellor of Oxford University. It is dedicated to Parliament by Lombart himself, who uses the odd expression 'omni officiorum genere mancipatus' (given up to every kind of service), by which he presumably meant that he stood at their service in any matter - a bid for an official commission? In his discourse on medals ('Numismata', 1697, pp.339-40), Evelyn described this print as 'accurately' following Walker's picture, which he characterised as the one 'most resembling' Cromwell.
The engraving is not dated and does not give the name of Robert Walker, after whose painting it was made. The first secure date for the Walker type of Cromwell with a page at the left (of which various versions are known) is 1649 (see David Piper, 'Contemporary portraits of Oliver Cromwell', Walpole Society, XXXIV 1952/4, pp.27-41). Lombart's print can be dated between February 1651 (when Cromwell was made Chancellor of Oxford) and December 1653 (when he was proclaimed Lord Protector). The first state (shown here) has no publisher, but there is a second state on which the name of the publisher Thomas Hinde was added in tiny letters under 'mancipatus' (impression in Clarendon VI 213). Hinde also took over Pearce's frieze designs of 1640 from Peake and Clein's set of 'Liberal Arts' from Rowlett.
Gaywood made a pirated copy of this plate for Stent (Globe 100).
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
2000 Jan-Mar, Ipswich, Christchurch Mansion, Printmaking in Stuart Britain
2000 May-Jul, Bristol, City Mus and AG, Printmaking in Stuart Britain
2000 Oct-Dec, Lancaster, Peter Scott Gallery, Printmaking in Stuart Britain
2000/1 Dec-Feb, Banff, Duff House, Printmaking in Stuart Britain
2001 Feb-May, Cardiff, National Mus, Printmaking in Stuart Britain
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number