- Museum number
Emperor Jahāngīr receiving an Officer; copy after a Mughal miniature, the Emperor, with halo, seated on a divan with a sabre in his left hand, a man holding a document standing before him at left. c.1656-1661
Pen and brown ink, with brown and grey wash, touched with white, some scratching-out, on Asian paper.
Verso: laid down on old mat.
- Production date
- 1656-1661 (circa)
Height: 210 millimetres
Width: 184 millimetres
- Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, ‘Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school’, 2010, Rembrandt, cat. no.57.
A copy after a Mughal miniature. For a discussion of the group of drawings to which the present sheet belongs, see under cat. no.56 (1895,0915.1275, Benesch 1187).
The drawing represents the Emperor Jahāngīr ('world-seizer', r.1605-27), the son of Akbar and father of Shāh Jahān, and is based on an identifiable miniature until recently in Schloss Schönbrunn, Vienna, and now in the Österreichische Nationalbibliothek. As in other drawings of the series, the artist modified minor details and the perspective of the original, which was itself altered when incorporated into the building's decorative scheme.
 The original is repr. Strzygowski, 1923, pl.5.
LITERATURE (always as Rembrandt):
Bürger, 1858, p.400 (c.1632, for the 'etchings of Persians'); Blanc, II, 1861, p.454; Michel, 1893, p.581; Lippmann, II, no.44; Kleinmann, II, no.58; Sarre, 1904, pp.152-4, repr. p.150, fig.6 (as of Emperor Akbar; care in copying costume noted, and compared to 'Jacob and Esau', Berlin, Benesch 647, and 'Esther's Feast', Moscow, Bredius 530); Bell, c.1905, repr. pl.XIII; Hofstede de Groot, 1906, no.930; Rouffaer, 1906, pp.370-72, repr. pl.IV (before 1656; of Jahāngīr, not Akbar as stated by Sarre, 1904); Saxl, 1908, p.338 (quotes Sarre, 1904); Sarre, 1909, p.290 (agrees with Rouffaer, 1906, identification); Wurzbach, 1910, p.418 (Rembrandt?); London, 1915, no.75 (of Akbar); Brown, 1924, p.25, n.1 (of Jahāngīr, not Akbar); London, 1931, p.193, (of Jahāngīr, not Akbar); Hind, 1932, p.59 (as London, 1931); Strzygowski and Glück, 1933, p.22 (identifying original in Schönbrunn); Benesch, 1933-4, p.306, reprinted 1970, p.123 (compares head of 'Akbar' to Vienna drawing, Benesch 1192); Valentiner, II, 1934, no.638, repr; Benesch, 1935, p.56 (c.1653-6, as cat. no.56 [1895,0915.1275, Benesch 1187]); Poortenaar, 1943, p.19 and no.97, repr. (c.1650-55); Benesch, V, 1957/73, no.1190, repr. fig.1414/1489 (c.1654-6, as cat. no.56 [1895,0915.1275, Benesch 1187]); Slive, 1965, I, no.268, repr. (c.1655); Haak, 1969/68, p.263, repr. fig.438 (c.1654-6; the messenger on the left of the etching of 'Abraham and the Angels', Bartsch 29, Hind 286, perhaps taken from the messenger here on the left); Loevinson-Lessing, 1975/71, under no.26, repr; Haak, 1976/74, no.80, repr. (c.1654-6); Broos, 1977, p.120; Broos, 1980, repr. p.214, fig.11 (notes differences to original miniature); Lunsingh Scheurleer, 1980, pp.16-17 and p.22, repr. fig.7 (quite close to the Schönbrunn original); Skelton, 1985, p.279 (the Emperor receives an officer); Berlin, 2006, p.212 (as Sarre, 1904).
For a comprehensive overview of Rembrandt's copies after Mughal portraits, see S. Schrader, 'Rembrandt and the Inspiration of India' Exh cat. J. Paul Getty Museum, 2018, no. 20 (illustrated but not exhibited). William Robinson revisits the question of authorship of the Mughal drawings; he argues that they accord with Rembrandt's style in the late 1650s-early 1660s, and he disagrees with MRK's suggestion that they might be by Aert de Gelder. See 'A book of Indian Drawings, 25 in number' in Schrader 2018, pp. 43-59; and 'Rembrandt's 'Indian Drawings' and his Later Work' Annual Thaw Lecture, Morgan Drawing Institute, 2018, fig. 38.
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
London, 1899, no.A57;
1956, p.17, no.10;
1992, BM, Drawings by Rembrandt and his Circle, no.63, repr. in colour (c.1656-61);
2005 April-July, Seoul Arts Centre, 'BM Treasures...';
2005 July-Oct, Korea, Busan Museum, 'BM Treasures...';
2005/6 Daegu, Keimyung Univ. Museum, 'BM Treasures...';
2006, BM, 'Rembrandt: a 400th anniversary display' (no cat.)
2017-2018, 10 Nov 2017 - 18 Feb 2018, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya (CSMVS), Mumbai, India, India and the World: A History in Nine Stories
2018, 6 May- 30 June, National Museum, New Delhi, India and the World: A History in Nine Stories
- Generally good; the paper has a pitted surface; some foxing, mostly around the Emperor’s head.
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- Jonathan Richardson, sen. (L.2184 - see cat. no.56 [1895,0915.1275, Benesch 1187]); Arthur Pond, sale, London, Langford, 5th day, 30 April, 1759, lot 66; J. Barnard (L.1419 on mat; probably his sale, Greenwood, 6th night, 22 February, 1787, lot 50: 'imitation of a Chinese by ditto [i.e. Rembrandt]'; see also cat. no.61 [Gg,2.262, Benesch 1205]); Rev. C.M.Cracherode (acquired in 1787, according to register), by whom bequeathed, 1799.
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number