- Museum number
Leopold Mozart and his two children, Wolfgang Amadeus and Marie Anne; the father stands to left, facing right and playing the violin, leaning on the back of the chair at the harpsichord, his son, aged seven, is seated at the instrument and his daughter, aged twelve, stands singing on the far side, pillars in the right background, sky and trees in left and centre. 1777
Watercolour and bodycolour, on contemporary gold, black and green wash mount
- Production date
Height: 325 millimetres
Height: 365 millimetres
Width: 240 millimetres (mount)
Width: 200 millimetres (sheet)
- Curator's comments
- The drawing and print made from it are documented in a letter from Leopold Mozart to Lorenz Hagenauer from Paris on 1 April 1764: 'Meine Kinder empfehlen sich samt meiner Frau allerseits. M. de Mechel ein kupferstecher arbeitet uber Hals und Kopf unsere Portrats die H. von Carmontel ein Liebhaber sehr gut gemahlt hat. Der Wolfgang spiehlt Clavier, ich stehe hinter seinem Sesel und spiele Violin, und die Nannerl lehnt sich auf das Clavecin mit einem Arm, mit der anderen Hand halt sie musicalien, als sang sie.' ('Mozart: Briefe und Aufzeichnungen, Gesamtausgabe' ed. W.A.Bauer and O.E.Deutsch, Basel 1962, I p.142). In another note about the engraving, it is stated that it was made 'Gleich nach ihrer Ankunfte in Paris' (ibid, III p.188).
No print signed by Christian von Mechel (1737-1817) is known of this subject; the only known engraving is dated 1764 (of which there is an impression in the Department, 1864,0611.50) and is lettered as by Jean Baptiste Delafosse (1721-1806). Presumably Mechel abandoned the plate, or handed it on to Delafosse.
On the variant drawn versions of this composition, see Martin Davies in the National Gallery catalogue of the French School (1957), p.22-3. The original was made in 1763-4 when the Mozart family was in Paris, but the present drawing and the Carnavalet version both bear the date 1777. The prime version is at Chantilly, along with the main archive of Carmontelle's work. Another version is in the Musee Carnavalet, Paris (ex-Lord Revelstoke), presented by Maurice Baring in 1933. Others are said to be in Castle Howard and in several private collections. There is also a variant composition by Carmontelle with Leopold and Wolfgang only, shown four-square and with a footstool, in a unique version in a private collection in Paris.
See correspondence in dossier.
See Alec Hyatt King, 'A Mozart Legacy: Aspects of the British Library Collections', The British Library, 1984, p.23, plate II; A. Hyatt King, 'Musical Pursuits 9', selected essays, The British Library, 1987, pp.61ff.
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
1987 Feb-May, BM, An A-Z of P&D (no cat)
1991/2 Aug-Jan, London, British Library, "Mozart" (no cat.)
2003 May-Nov, BM, London 1753, no. 3.87
2009/10 Nov-Feb, Seville, Santa Ines Exhibition Centre, Visiones de Don Juan
2016-17 Sept-Jan, BM, 'French Portrait Drawings' (no cat)
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- Deposited on loan to the Department of Prints and Drawings by the National Gallery in 1955 (see report to Trustees 7 June 1955), and formally transferred in 1994.
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: 1972,U.653
Miscellaneous number: NG.2911