- Museum number
The encampment outside Montagu House, the British Museum; view from a height overlooking the gardens towards the E, soldiers of the York Regiment within an enclosure. 1780
Pen and grey ink and watercolour, heightened with white; framed
- Production date
Height: 364 millimetres
Width: 530 millimetres (sight measurement)
- Curator's comments
- Stainton 1985
Though Grimm was a native of Switzerland and did not settle in this country until he was thirty-five, his topographical work is typically English. He was employed by virtuosi to make drawings of views in England and Wales, among the most interesting of these series (although not the largest) being those for Gilbert White's Natural History of Selborne. White described his technique: "He first of all sketches his scapes with a lead-pencil; then he pens them all over, as he calls it, with Indian-ink, rubbing out the superfluous pencil-strokes; then he gives a charming shading with a brush dipped in Indian ink; and last he throws a light tinge of watercolours over the whole."
Grimm's views of London are of great historical interest. The present drawing, and also two in the Royal Collection exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1781, show the encampment of the York Regiment in the garden behind Montague House following the Gordon Riots (29 May - 8 June 1780). That camp and the others in St James's Park, Hyde Park and Blackheath remained for two months and all four were drawn and aquatinted by Paul Sandby.
Montagu House was the original home of the British Museum, and was replaced by the present neo-classical building from 1823 onwards. The garden has since been built over, the part shown in the drawing now being occupied by the Edward VII Galleries. To the East beyond the camp can be seen, from right to left, houses in Southampton Row and Queen Square, the Foundling Hospital, Sadler's Wells, and a recently built terrace in Gray's Inn Road. The drawing is close-framed as would originally have been intended.
For Grimm's two views of the same subject in the Royal Collection, see: A.P. Oppe, 'English Drawings, Stuart and Georgian periods, in the collection of His Majesty the King at Windsor Castle,' 1950, nos.280 and 281.
A drawing of the same subject by Paul Sandby is also in the Department, 1994,1105.5
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
1985, BM, British Landscape Watercolours, no.28
2014, Jan-Apr, Bern, Kunstmuseum, 'Samuel Hieronymus Grimm'
- Associated events
- Associated Event: Gordon Riots 1780
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number