- Museum number
Windsor Castle, Berkshire; the castle seen on mound in the distance, a river comes into the foreground, at left a group of horses drinking from the water, at right two boats loaded with barrels. c.1829
- Production date
- 1829 (circa)
Height: 288 millimetres
Width: 437 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- Engraved by W Miller, 1831, for 'England and Wales'.
Ref: C. Reginald Grundy, 'The Beecham Collection III Works by Turner', Connoisseur, XXXVIII, April 1914, p. 232, repr. p. 227.
Turner would have been familiar with the work of Paul Sandby (1730-1809), who has often been described as "the father of English watercolour painting", as most of his early patrons and teachers, especially Dr Monro and Edward Dayes, owned and admired his work. The Duke of Cumberland, Ranger of Windsor Great Park, was an important early patron of Paul Sandby and his brother Thomas, who lived in the Duke's household at Windsor for many years. Their most successful and best-known watercolours were of Windsor and Eton - the town, the Castle, the Great Park, and the people who inhabited them. These were painted mainly for the tourist market, but Sir Joseph Banks purchased around sixty before 1773, most of which later came into the Royal Collection.¹ R. W. Lloyd was able to purchase one which had once belonged to Banks when it came onto the market two years after he bought this view of 'Windsor Castle' by Turner.
The Castle was a 'must' in any series of picturesque views in England and Wales: situated on a long, flat hill over the Thames, with its medieval towers and ancient and modern accretions, including alterations carried out in the early nineteenth century by the Prince Regent, it provided an image which had naturally appealed to artists for centuries. Turner drew and painted it many times: here, in his final depiction of the Castle, he repeated a barge (on the right) that he had included in one of his earliest drawings, engraved in 1795 in the 'Pocket Magazine'.² The Claudian glow of the sunset suffuses the substantial and busy town below, tinting all the horses and figures in the foreground yellow and thereby causing the organisers of the 1886 exhibition at the Royal Academy to assign it to a late period of Turner's work. However, it is based on drawings made in the area around 1827 (TB CCXXV 2, 2v) and was one of the works exhibited by Heath at the Egyptian Hall in 1829. It had been purchased by Thomas Tomkinson by the time of Heath's 1833 exhibition, and it must have passed into Windus's collection between then and 1839 - presumably after 1835, as it does not seem to appear in John Scarlett Davis's watercolour (frontispiece).
1. See Roberts, passim.
2. Shanes 1979 (40).
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
1829, Egyptian Hall, Piccadilly, no.26
1833, Moon, Boys and Graves Gallery, no.43
1887, RA, no.68
1899, Guildhall, no.141
1909, Agnew's, no.34
1913, Agnew's, no.58
1919, Agnew's, no.24
1924, Agnew's, no. 37
1934, RA, no.881
1951, Agnew's, no.70
1959, 1960, BM
1966 Feb, BM, Turner Lloyd Bequest, no.26
1969 Feb, BM, Turner Lloyd Bequest, no.26
1975 BM, Turner in the BM, no.148
1998 May-Sept., BM, J.M.W.Turner: Lloyd Bequest, no.30
- Associated titles
Associated Title: England and Wales
- Previous owner
Previous owner/ex-collection: Thomas Tomkison (by 1833)
Previous owner/ex-collection: Benjamin Godfrey Windus (by 1839)
Previous owner/ex-collection: John Smith (His sale Christie's 4.v.1870/59, bt Agnew's, £714)
Previous owner/ex-collection: William Moir (Mrs Moir by 1887; bt from her by Agnew's 1899)
Previous owner/ex-collection: George Agnew
Previous owner/ex-collection: R E Tatham (His sale Christie's 7.iii.1908/84, bt Agnew's for Sir Joseph Beecham, £1785 plus 5% commission)
Previous owner/ex-collection: Sir Joseph Beecham (His sale, Christie's 4.v.1917/148, bt Freeman for Sir Thomas Beecham, £3360)
Previous owner/ex-collection: Sir Thomas Beecham (His sale, Christie's 10.v.1918/85, bt Agnew's for Lloyd, £3150 plus 5% commission £157 10s. (stock 8912))
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- UNDER THE TERMS OF THE BEQUEST, NONE OF THE PRINTS OR DRAWINGS BEQUEATHED BY R. W. LLOYD MAY BE LENT OUTSIDE THE BRITISH MUSEUM (Registration Numbers 1958,0712.318 to 3149).
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number