- Museum number
Landscape with Abraham expelling Hagar and Ishmael (Genesis, XXI, 9-19), record of painting in Alte Pinakothek, Munich, from the Liber Veritatis; figures standing outside a classical building, Abraham seen pointing to landscape with herd of cattle at right.
Pen and brown ink and brown wash, heightened with white
- Production date
Height: 195 millimetres
Width: 256 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- See 1957,1214.6 for information on the Liber Veritatis.
Hagar and the Angel was one of Claude’s most popular religious scenes (see LV nos. 106, 133 and 140), but is the unique occasion that Claude depicted the expulsion of Hagar and Ishamel. It forms a pendant with LV174 (see 1957,1214.180), and it is likely that these successive episodes from Genesis were made at the instruction of their patron, Count Johann Friedrich von Waldstein. Both paintings are now in the Alte Pinakothek, Munich (see inv. no. 604; canvas, 106.5 x 140.3 cm; Roethlisberger 1986, no. 246 for the present work). As has been noted by J.J. Morper (1961), the commissioning and progress of the two paintings can be traced through a series of ten letters that record the attention and care with which the artist was fulfilling the commission. The progression of this painting can also be observed in a double-sided drawing at the Fitzwilliam, Cambridge, which shows Claude trialling various details of the composition (see inv. no. 2,680; Roethlisberger 1968, no. 975). The composition is developed from that of LV152, but with the addition of massive architectural monuments in a fashion comparable to those insertd to the edge of Saports in the 1640s, such as LV63. The effect is that of a strong contrast between the naturalism of the right half of the scene and the rigid forms to the right. Notably, Claude’s handling of pen and line differs in these two halves, with that to the right being freer and more expressive than that on the left.
Lit: M. Roethlisberger, Claude Lorrain, The Paintings, London 1961, LV173, pp. 406–408; M. Roethlisberger, ‘Claude Lorrain. The Drawings’, Berkeley & Los Angeles, 1968, no. 976; J. J. Morper, ‘Johann Friedrich Graf von Waldstein und Claude Lorrain’, Munchner Jarbuch der Bildenden Kunst, Vol. xii, 1961, pp. 203–18; M. Kitson, ‘Claude Lorrain: Liber Veritatis’, London 1978, no. 173; M. Roethlisberger, ‘Tout l’ouevre peint de Claude Lorrain’, Paris, 1986, no. 246; J. Rauser in exhib. cat. (ed. by A. Stolzenburg & D. Klemm), Hamburg, Kunsthalle, ‘Das Licht der Campagna. Die Zeichnungen Claude Lorrains im British Museum’, 2017–18, no. 75, pp.216-217
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
1977 BM, Claude Lorrain: Liber Veritatis
2017 - 2018 13 Oct-14 Jan, Hamburg: Das Licht der Campagna. Die Zeichnungen Claude Lorrains im British Museum, London
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- Accepted by H M Government in lieu of tax on the estate of the 9th Duke of Devonshire.
See M. Kitson's 'Claude Lorrain: Liber Veritatis', pp. 28-9, for a full account of the provenance of the sketch-book.
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number