- Museum number
A seated astronomer; in profile to right, holding up a scientific instrument to his eye
Pen and brown ink
- Production date
- 1525-1527 (circa)
Height: 167 millimetres
Width: 175 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- Engraved in facsimile in reverse by Arthus Pond when in the collection of Lord James Cavendish (for BM impression see W,2.188). The section of the window is another sheet of paper.
Lit.: A.E. Popham, 'Catalogue of the Drawings of Parmigianino', New Haven and London, 1971, I, no. 203, pl. 266; A. Gnann, 'Parmigianino, Die Zeichnung', Petersberg, 2007, no. 434
Bambach, Chapman, Clayton & Goldner 2000
Initial letters of about twenty lines of printing to the right of the figure show that this was drawn on the lower left margin of a printed page. The printed text has been cut out and replaced by a square sheet of paper on which the frame of a window and a cloudy sky have been added. The figure is probably Archimedes, as he is shown seated by an armillary sphere, an instrument that he was reputed to have invented. Parmigianino's representation of the Greek mathematician as a hermit-like figure with a straggling beard is similar to his depiction of the Greek philosopher Diogenes in an engraving by Caraglio (Bartsch xv.94.61) and a chiaroscuro woodcut by Ugo da Carpi (Bartsch xii.100.10).
Literature: Popham, BM, no. 100; Popham, Parm., no. 203
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
2000-1 Oct-Jan, BM, 'Drawings by Correggio and Parmigianino', No.100
2001 Feb-May, New York, Met Mus of Art, 'Drawings by Correggio and Parmigianino', No.100
2003 Feb-May, Parma, Galleria Nazionale, 'Parmigianino e il manierismo europeo'
2003-4 Dec-April, BM, NACF exhibition
2015 1 Oct - 2016 10 Jan, Rome, Musei Capital, Raphael, Parmigianino, Barocci, dialectics of the gaze and metaphors of vision
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- One of ninety drawings from the Cavendish album; see 1952,0121.75 for a full account of provenance.
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number