- Museum number
Object: Sturm (Riot)
Series: Ein Weberaufstand (A weavers' revolt)
A mob of peasants gathers at gate, brandishing axes and collecting stones; 2nd state. 1893-1897
Etching and sandpaper, printed in black on copperplate paper
- Production date
Height: 237 millimetres
Width: 296 millimetres
- Curator's comments
This is the fifth plate from the series 'A Weavers' Revolt' from 1897. The series is related to Gerhart Hauptmann's controversial play 'Die Weber', published in 1892, which recounts the uprising of impoverished Silesian weavers in 1844. Kollwitz's attendance at the first performance of 'Die Weber' in February 1893 inspired her to create the series, which parallels but does not directly illustrate the play.
This is an early impression from the second state, printed before the Richter edition of 1920.
See Carey & Griffiths, 'The Print in Germany 1880-1933', BM exh cat, 1984, no.22; see also Prelinger, 'Käthe Kollwitz', Washington National Gallery of Art exh cat, 1992, pp. 21-25.
Additional lit.: F. Carey and M. Egremont, 'Portrait of the Artist: Käthe Kollwitz' (Birmingham, Ikon, 2017), cat. 9.
Text from Frances Carey and Antony Griffiths, 'The Print in Germany 1880-1933', BM 1984, no 22 [Discussion of 1949,0411.3944]
This and other prints in the exhibition bear the tiny and almost illegible signature of Otto Felsing, who was the leading copper-plate printer employed by artists in Berlin in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries: see for example Nolde (1984,0714.1). The abbreviation "gdr" stands for 'gedruckt' (i.e. printed).
It is not easy to determine how the stippled effect seen on this and many following plates was produced. Kollwitz in the course of her career developed perhaps a greater range of tonal devices than had ever before been used by a single printmaker. At this early stage in her career she probably used a simple device like pressing sand or sandpaper into the ground on the plate. Later she pressed the weave of textiles or the textures of heavily grained papers directly into the ground in conjunction with soft-ground etching (cf. 1949,0411.3928). This technique is described by Hermann Struck in his treatise 'Die Kunst des Radierens', Berlin 1908, p. 119.
For a discussion of the series see 1951,0501.74.
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
1984/5 Sept.-Jan., BM, 'The Print in Germany', cat.22
2017 13 Sep-26 Nov, Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, Portrait of the Artist: Käthe Kollwitz
2017-2018 15 Dec-11 Mar, Young Gallery, Salisbury, Portrait of the Artist: Käthe Kollwitz
2018 24 Mar-17 Jun, Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, Swansea, Portrait of the Artist: Käthe Kollwitz
2018 30 Jun-30 Sep, Ferens Art Gallery, Hull, Portrait of the Artist: Käthe Kollwitz
2019-20, 2 September-12 January, London, BM, G90, Portrait of the Artist: Käthe Kollwitz
- Associated titles
Associated Title: Die Weber
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number