- Museum number
The Temple of Concord (or Saturn) and another temple; view of the temples across a street in an urban setting, in the foreground figures, oxen and carts
Watercolour over graphite
- Production date
Height: 476 millimetres
Width: 713 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- The Temple which ‘Warwick’ Smith thought was dedicated to Concord is now known as the Temple of Saturn, built in 42 BC, damaged by a fire in 283 AD and restored in the 4th century. The inscription on the frieze describes part of these events, as Smith recalls in the text which accompanied the plate in the 'Select Views in Italy' (no. 28: Arch of Septimus Severus). The Palazzo Senatorio on the Capitoline hill is visible in the background.
In the eighteenth century, like many ancient monuments, the Temple was used in the daily life of the people of Rome: a house was built in the back of the Temple and its colonnade was converted into a garden. This conversion might have appeared amusing to the foreign visitors and artists: Towne (Nn,1.17) represents the washing line and the flowerpots in front of the columns, with people, horses and carriages. Smith shares a similar although closer viewpoint and he adds two of the three remaining columns of the Temple of Vespasian, sometimes confused with the Temple of Jupiter Tonans, such as in one engraving by Piranesi in his “Antichitá Romane” and in the text which accompanied the plate 28 of the Select Views.
The watercolour by Towne is completely finished, with the inscription related to the history of the monument and his usual colours, while Smith’s large view is unfinished, with the foreground only outlined and without colours in some parts.
This watercolour is one of a group of 46 watercolours from the collection of the Earl of Warwick; for information on the whole group, see 1936,0704.6
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
1971 BM, 'Classical sites and monuments', no.54
1972 Sep-Nov, Council of Europe, London, 'Age of Neo-classicism', no.831
1974 Jun-Aug, Kenwood, 'British artists in Rome 1700-1800', no.137
1981 BM P&D, 'Francis Towne and John 'Warwick Smith', no cat.
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- Warwick sale
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number