- Museum number
- Series: Victoires et Conquêtes de l'Empereur de la Chine
Plate 1 from a set of sixteen plates; in the centre, Qing cavalry parade past defeated Turkic Muslims, aligned on either side, most kneeling and making offerings of livestock, implements and other goods, while a small group play music; further away, Qing and Turkic Muslims cross a stretch of water (the Ili River?) by boat or by swimming, many with livestock; in the distance, a town (possibly Kouldja) and mountainous scenery. 1769
Etching and engraving
- Production date
Height: 572 millimetres
Width: 925 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- Plate 1 is often titled in modern literature: 'On reçoit la soumission de l'Ili' or 'The submission of Ili'. None of the plates in the original edition was ever lettered with a title.
According to Pirazzoli-T'Serstevens (1969), this submission occurred while Amursana was in the service of Emperor Qianlong.
This print is from an incomplete BM set (fifteen only, 1932,0715.46 to 59, including 48*) of the sixteen plates known as 'Victoires et Conquêtes de l'Empereur de la Chine' commemorating the Qianlong Emperor's victories in Central Asia from 1755 to1759. (For a complete set see 1848,0205, 517 to 532).
The Qianlong Emperor commemorated his military success by ordering court artists, including four European missionaries, to produce paintings depicting the campaign. He then ordered the missionaries to make reduced drawings of the paintings and these drawings were shipped to Paris to be engraved and printed by the best engravers, under the direction of Charles Nicolas Cochin (fils), between 1767 and 1774.
See Paul Pelliot, 'Les Conquêtes de l’Empereur de la Chine’, "T’oung Pao", vol.XX, Leide, 1921, pp.183-274; Tanya Szrajber, 'The Victories of the Emperor Qianlong", 'Print Quarterly', March 2006, Volume XXIII, Number 1, pp. 28-47; Pascal Torres, 'Les Batailles de l'Empereur de Chine. La gloire de Qianlong célébrée par Louis XV, une commande royale d'estampes', exh.cat., Paris: Louvre, 2009.
- Not on display
- Associated events
- Associated Event: Emperor Qianlong's East Turkestan Campaigns 1755-1759
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- Prints 1932,0715.46 to 59 were formerly bound in an album that was broken up after transfer from the Map Library (Maps 145.e.20).
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number