- Museum number
Plate 14 (proof) from a set of sixteen plates; scene at the Wumen (Meridian Gate), the southern gate of the Imperial Palace in Peking in 1760; to right, in an open gallery forming part of a pavilion at the top of the gate, the Qianlong Emperor and attendants watch the scene in the courtyard below; here, three groups of men kneel on a pathway facing the gate, one man holding up a bag with the head of Khoja Jihīn (in Chinese Huojizhan) known as the Younger Khoja; with imperial bodyguards and figures playing music, in attendance. 1767-1774
Etching and engraving
- Production date
Height: 568 millimetres
Width: 923 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- Plate 14 is often titled in modern literature: Presentation [to the Emperor] of the prisoners from the pacification of the Muslim tribes; On offre [à l'Empereur] les prisonniers [faits lors] de la pacification des tribus musulmanes. None of the plates in the original edition was ever lettered with a title.
The proof is before letters and also lacks details such as shading and texture.
The subject is the ‘xianfu’ ceremony of the presentation of captives, presided over by the Emperor, a traditional military ritual and a form of victory celebration reserved for victories. The event took place at the Wumen (Meridian Gate) of the Forbidden City in 1760, following the victorious end to the East Turkestan campaign. At the event, prisoners were led by a white silken cord tied around their necks, although this is not shown on the print. See Joanna Waley-Cohen, ‘Commemorating War in Eighteenth-Century China’, Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 30, no.4, Special Issue: War in Modern China (Oct. 1996), pp. 869-899.
This print is from an incomplete BM set (fifteen only, 1932,0715.46 to 59, including 48*) of the sixteen plates known as 'Victoires et Conquêtes de l'Empereur de la Chine' commemorating the Qianlong Emperor's victories in Central Asia from 1755 to1759. (For a complete set see 1848,0205, 517 to 532.)
For further information, see the Curator's Comment for 1932,0715.57.
- Not on display
- Associated events
- Associated Event: Victories of Emperor Qianlong 1755-1759
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- Prints 1932,0715.46 to 59 were formerly bound in an album that was broken up after transfer from the Map Library (Maps 145.e.20).
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number