- Museum number
A Mughal Nobleman standing (Prince Daniyal); after a Mughal miniature, whole-length, almost in profile to right, his right hand on the handle of a dagger in his belt. c.1656-1661
Pen and brown ink with grey and brown wash, touched with red chalk (in the turban) and white heightening, on Asian paper.
Verso: laid down on remnant of old mat.
- Production date
- 1656-1661 (circa)
Height: 184 millimetres
Width: 112 millimetres
- Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, 'Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school', 2010, Rembrandt, cat. no.58:
One of a series of copies after Mughal miniatures (see under cat. no.56; 1895,0915.1275, Benesch 1187). The nobleman holds a weapon called a katar, a kind of dagger seen in many of Rembrandt's copies, including cat. nos.57, 60 and 61 (Gg,2.263, 1895,0915.1281 and Gg,2.262, Benesch 1190, 1204 and 1205). The figure has not been identified and the miniature copied by Rembrandt does not appear to have survived. It was probably made in c.1610-15 or based on an original of that date, the earliest of Rembrandt's models, and depicted a courtier from Jahāngīr's entourage.
 Of the miniatures at Schönbrunn, the nearest is that illustrated by Strzygowski, 1923, pl.1. The tailed skirt is unusual among the Schönbrunn miniatures (as noted by Broos, 1980 - see Lit. below) and features only in ibid., pls.7, 36 and 48.
 According to Lunsingh Scheurleer, 1980 (see Lit. below).
LITERATURE (always as Rembrandt):
Michel, 1893, p.585; Hofstede de Groot, 1906, no.1122; Sarre, 1909, p.284 (on provenance - based on false assumption that the 'R' mark is Richardson junior's); London, 1915, no.78, repr. pl.X (c.1656); Benesch, 1933-4, p.306, reprinted 1970, p.123 (notes unusually complete curtain of wash behind the figure); Valentiner, II, 1934, no.647, repr; Benesch, 1935, p.56; Amsterdam, 1942, p.13, under no.30 (compares Amsterdam sheet, Benesch 1202, and Pierpont Morgan drawing, Benesch 1201); Benesch, V, 1957/73, no.1199, repr. fig.1424/1496 (c.1654-6); Broos, 1980, repr. p.212, fig.6 (see n.1 above); Lunsingh Scheurleer, 1980, pp.16 and 27, repr. fig.14, and p.39, n.22 and n.28 (see n.2 above; a similar portrait, of Karān, Crown Prince of Udaipur in Rajastan, is in Berlin, repr. fig.15; refutes comment by Broos, 1980, that the dress is unusual).
For a comprehensive overview of Rembrandt's copies after Mughal portraits, see S. Schrader, 'Rembrandt and the Inspiration of India' Exh cat. J. Paul Getty Museum, 2018. Schrader identifies the subject as Prince Daniyal, Emperor Jahangir's brother, and cites the source as Manohar's miniature of Prince Daniyal (c. 1590-1600) in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (accession no. 1955,184.108.40.206). Schrader notes that in the present drawing, Rembrandt took special care in depicting the six-pointed, transparent 'chakdar jama' (crossover tunic with slits at the skirt and assymetrical hemline) that went out of fashion with the death of Akbar in 1605. See Schrader 2018, no.27 and p. 18. William Robinson revisits the question of authorship of the Mughal drawings; he argues they accord with Rembrandt's style in the mid 1650s-early 1660s, and he disagrees with MRK's suggestion that they might be by Aert de Gelder. See 'A book of Indian Drawings, 25 in number' in Schrader 2018, pp. 43-59; and 'Rembrandt's 'Indian Drawings' and his Later Work' Annual Thaw Lecture, Morgan Drawing Institute, 2018, fig. 10.
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
London, Grosvenor Gallery, 1878-9, no.213;
Royal Academy, 1899, no.165;
London, 1910, p.5; 1912, no.161;
1938, no.78 (c.1656);
1956, p.16, no.7;
1992, BM, Drawings by Rembrandt and his Circle, no.64, repr.
2018 13 Mar-24 Jun, Los Angeles, JP Getty Museum, Rembrandt and the Inspiration of India
- Generally good; parts of the surface pitted (as cat. no.57; Gg,2.263, Benesch 1190) and some abrasions around the head.
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- Jonathan Richardson, sen. (L.2184 - see cat. no.56; 1895,0915.1275, Benesch 1187]); Thomas Hudson (L.2432); Lord Selsey (according to Roupell catalogue and above inscriptions; presumably his sale, Sotheby’s, 20-28 June, 1872, lot 2635, bt Noseda, £1-2-0, with Benesch 1196, now Rijksmuseum); R.P. Roupell, sale, Christie’s, 6th day, 13 July, 1887, lot 1088, bt Thibaudeau, £3-3-0; George Salting, by whom bequeathed, 1910.
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number