- Museum number
St Peter; being crucified, head downwards; with the two Saxon shields in upper left corner; proof. c. 1512
- Production date
- 1510-1515 (c.)
Height: 164 millimetres (borderlines)
Width: 129 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- Part of a series, The Martyrdoms of the Apostles, consisting of twelve sheets (Hollstein 53-64).
Although the series was most likely intended to be published in its entity in a book context, no publication is known to exist until many years later, when it first was used as illustration to Das Symbolum oder gemeine Bekenntnis der zwelff Aposteln, Wittenberg, Georg Rhau, 1539. Galleys from about 1512 with text exist, printed with types from Reinhart's print shop, but subsequently the Martyrdoms were published as single sheets.
An important prequel for this Martyrdom series are small woodcuts published in Hartmann Schedel's Weltchronik, Nürnberg 1493.
Apart from this set of proofs (prime impressions), a suite of later impressions, partly of damaged blocks, is extant at the BM. All of these - except Matthias - derive from a late edition of Symbolum, published by Rhau in 1548, with text on verso.
Cf. D. Koepplin / T. Falk, Lucas Cranach: Gemälde - Zeichnungen - Graphik, 2 vols, exh. cat. Kunstmuseum Basel, 1974, no. 425-436.
J. Strehle / A. Kunz, Druckgraphiken Lukas Cranachs d.Ä. Im Dienst von Macht und Glauben, exh. cat. Lutterhalle Wittenberg, 1998, nos. 34-47, and pp. 107-9.
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number