- Museum number
Three Orientals; three Turks wearing long coats and turbans. 1495-1500
Pen and black and brown ink, with watercolour
- Production date
- 1496-1497 (circa)
Height: 306 millimetres
Width: 197 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- The drawing is based on three figures in the background of Gentile Bellini's painting, Corpus Christi procession in the Piazza San Marco, signed and dated 1496 (Venice, Accademia) which Dürer must have known either through preparatory drawings, or through seeing the painting in Bellini's studio. In correspondence with Pirckheimer during his second stay in Venice, Dürer relates how Gentile's son, Giovanni Bellini was one of the very few artists in the city who had shown friendship towards him, so a visit to the Bellini workshop seems very likely. Later in his career, Dürer copied elements of the costume of the central figure for a standing Turkish man in his etching of 'Landscape with a large cannon' of 1518 (Hollstein 96). A woodcut of Dürer 's drawing was produced later by an anonymous Nuremberg cutter in c. 1570 ( formerly attributed to Sebald Beham, British Museum, inv.no 1895,0122.786).
White spots in the pink garment of the figure on the left and in some other areas appear to have been caused by a reaction between the pigment and the size in the paper, not by surface abrasion. Only a few parts of the deepest blue pigment on the figure on the right have been lost due to rubbing.
Summary of J. Rowlands, 'Drawings by German Artists and Artists from German-speaking regions of Europe in the Department of Prints and Drawings at the British Museum: the Fifteenth Century, and the Sixteenth Century by Artists born before 1530', London, BM Press, 1993, no. 123: Lawrence Inventory, no. 21, case 4, drawer 5; JCR, p. 175, no. 521; Ephrussi, pp. 200f., n. 5; Lippmann, part iii, p. 22, no. 93, repr. ; J. Janitsch, Prussian Jahrbuch, iv, 1883, pp. 59ff; BM Guide, 1895, p. 55, no. 272; Conway, p. 23, no. 381; Pauli, p. 22, no. 574; G. Pauli, Bibliothek Warburg-Vorträge, 1921-2, 1923, pp. 54-55; BM Guide, 1928, p. 23, no. 218; Tietze, i, pp. 87-88, no. w 7, repr.; Flechsig, Dürer, ii, pp. 93-95; Winkler, Dürer, i, p. 58, no. 78, repr.; F. Saxl, Proceedings of the British Academy, London, xxiii, 1937, p. 410, repr.; B. Degenhart, Prussian Jahrbuch, lxi, 1940, pp. 42f., repr.; Panofsky, p. 124, no. 1254; Winkler, Leben, p. 47; Rowlands, Dürer, p. 6, no. 14; Strauss, i, p. 284, no. 1495/12, repr.; BM Dürer and Holbein, p. 65, no. 38, repr.;
Further lit: 'Circa 1491: Art in the Age of Exploration' exh. cat. Washington NGQ, 1991, no. 110,; B. Aikema and B.L. Brown, 'Renaissance Venice and the North' exh. cat. Venice, Palazzo Grassi, 1999, no. 38; R. Schoch in 'Albrecht Dürer. Das druckgraphische Werk' Band I, 'Kupferstiche, Eisenradierungen und Kaltnadelblätter' Munich, 2001, p.211, under no. 85; G.Bartrum, 'Albrecht Dürer and his Legacy', exh.cat. London, British Museum, 2002, no. 38; S. Meurer in 'Dürer e l'Italia', exh.cat. Rome, Scuderie del Quirinale, 2007, no. III.18; P. Marx in 'Orte der Sehnsucht: Mit Künstlern auf Reisen', exhibition catalogue edited by H. Arnhold, Münster, Westfälisches Landesmuseum, 2008, pp 71-72
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
1895 BM London, Guide Old Masters, Malcolm Collection, no. 272
1928 BM London, Guide Woodcuts, Drawings of A. Dürer, no. 218
1971 BM, Dürer no.14
1988 Jul-Oct, BM, Age of Dürer & Holbein, no.38
1991/2 Oct-Jan, Washington, NGA, 'Circa 1491: Age of Exploration'
1999 Sep-Dec, Venice, Palazzo Grassi, 'Ren. Venice and the North'
2002/3 Dec-Mar, BM, Dürer and his Legacy, no. 38
2007 Mar-Jun, Rome, Scuderie del Quirinale, 'Dürer and Italy'
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number