- Museum number
Servant; a page facing left and carrying a cup; inscribed at lower left: 'E', at lower centre: 'FAMEIO II' and at lower right: 'Z'; encircled by a frame of diamonds. c.1465
- Production date
- 1465 (circa)
Height: 178 millimetres
Width: 100 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- The print belongs to the first version (called 'E series') of a group of fifty engravings traditionally known as the 'Tarocchi Cards of Mantegna' (for this set see the entry for Hind E.I.1a: P&D 1895-9-15-1). It is one of ten images in the first group of the set, which is marked with the letter "E" and illustrates the 'Conditions of Man' in order of ascending importance.
The figure of the servant corresponds to that of the 'Knave' ("Fante"), which is one of the four court cards in regular Tarocchi (the others are the Knight, Queen and King). A number of comparisons may be made with the Knaves of Coins and Cups in the so-called 'Visconti-Sforza Tarocchi' (a series of playing-cards painted around 1450 and attributed, except for six later cards, to the Lombard artists Bonifacio Bembo or Francesco Zavattari, now divided between the Morgan Library, New York, the Accademia Carrara in Bergamo and the Colleoni collection also in Bergamo), and with numerous figures in the frescoes by Francesco del Cossa at the Palazzo Schifanoia in Ferrara (1469-70).
Other impressions of the print are in Vienna; Paris; Berlin; Chantilly; in the Baltimore Museum of Art; Darmstadt (Hessisches Landesmuseum); Florence (Galleria degli Uffizi), Florence (Biblioteca Nazionale); in the Chicago Art Institute; in the Cleveland Museum of Art; Hamburg; in the Rothschild collection (Louvre, Paris); Naples (Museo di Capodimonte); Pavia (Raccolta Malaspina, Museo Civico); in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford; Leinfelden (Museum der Vereinigten Altenburger und Stralsunder Spielkartenfabriken; possibly an earlier state impression, before the nail holes in the corners and with the costume of the figure not completely finished); and elsewhere.
See also Jay A. Levinson, Konrad Oberhuber, and Jacquelyn Sheehan, Early Italian Engravings from the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1973, no. 14.
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number