- Museum number
Procession with the Sacred Host; a religious procession comprising ladies and gentlemen emerging though the gate of a town or castle, a blind beggar with dog at left, to right three ecclesiastics, the foremost of whom carries the Cross, the others with banners, behind are choristers and an ecclesiastic holding up the Holy Sacrament in a pyx
Pen and brown ink over black chalk, on two sheets of paper
- Production date
- 1440 (c.)
Height: 292 millimetres
Width: 541 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- This drawing consists of two parts who do not correspond (the scene is interrupted at left and might possibly not even have belonged to the same composition).
It was attributed by Winkler in 1913 to the Master of the Exhumation of St Hubert (now as Follower of Rogier van der Weyden in the National Gallery, London). Friedlander then noticed similarities with copies of paintings by Rogier van der Weyden, after which Popham attributed this drawing to School of Rogier van der Weyden. Koreny convincingly attributed it to Vrancke van der Stockt on the basis of stylistic similarities with drawings in Paris and Berlin (especially the 'loopy' drapery), the deciphering of the monogram 'VST' and the date of the costumes (around 1440-1450).
The old-fashioned dress and the bearded nobleman at centre indicate that this scene must represent an historical event. The subject might be connected with the legend of the miracle of the sacrament at the Cathedral of St Michael and St Gudule in Brussels. It represents the solemn translation of the bleeding sacred host, allegedly profaned by jews in 1370, to the church of St Gudule. The drawing shows Wenceslaus, Duke of Brabant and his wife, Johanna, participating in the translation, together with the Bishop of Cambrai, Robert of Geneva, later to become the first schismatic pope at Avignon as Clement VII. The literature that attempted to identify Sigismund in the drawing (Kéry 1972; Eggenberger 2001) but this was roundly dismissed by Georg Zeman, who wrote the catalogue entry on the drawing for the 2002 exhibition (Zeman purposefully did not mention this literature).
Literature: A.E. Popham, 'Drawings of the Early Flemish School', London, 1926, cat.nos.15-16 (as Master of the Exhumation of St Hubert); Bertalan Kéry, "Kaiser Sigismund - Ikonographie", Vienna and Munich, 1972 (considers the drawing by Rogier or school and to represent Sigismund); Dorothee Eggenberger, 'Die Prozession von Kaiser Sigismund am Basler Konzil: Überlegungen zur Zeichnung im British Museum', in "Horizonte - Beiträge zu Kunst und Kunstwissenschaft. 50 Jahre Schweizerisches Institut für Kunstwissenschaft", 2001, pp.33-38 (discussing iconography and identification with Sigismund); Fritz Koreny, 'Early Netherlandish Drawings from Jan van Eyck to Hieronymus Bosch', exh.cat. Rubenshuis Antwerp, 2002, cat.no.24; Fritz Koreny, 'Drawings by Vrancke van der Stockt', in Master Drawings 41 (2003), pp.269, 276 and 289, cat.no.3, fig.3 and (detail of monogram) fig.23 (as by Vrancke van der Stockt, c.1445, and monogrammed - the monogram not previously deciphered); Luc Dequeker, 'Vrancke van der Stockt Processie met het Allerheiligste (ca.1450-60): de oudste voorstelling van het Brusselse Sacrament van Mirakel (1370)', in Trajecta: tijdschrift voor de geschiedenis van het katholiek leven in de Nederlanden14 (2005), pp.257-284, fig.1; L. Campbell and J. van der Stock, 'Rogier van der Weyden 1400-1464: Master of Passions', exh.cat. Museum M Leuven, 2009, cat.no.52 (as Workshop of Rogier van der Weyden).
The 1996 Malcolm Exhibition label text:
The drawing may depend on a lost decorative scheme by Rogier, probably designed before his visit to Italy in 1449-50. In the nineteenth century it was ascribed to Rogier himself, but it seems to be the work of an assistant.
Rogier van der Weyden trained and worked in his native Tournai, but was later town painter in Brussels, which had come under the sway of Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy's luxurious court.
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
1973, BM, Netherlandish prints and drawings (no cat.)
1996/7 Sept-Jan, BM, Malcolm Collection, no.71
2002 June-Aug, Antwerp, Rubenshuis, 'Marvels of Delight:...' no.24
2009 Sep-Dec, Leuven, Municipal Museum, Rogier van der Weyden
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number