- Museum number
Anti-catholic satire with Queen Elizabeth as Diana, seated in judgment upon the Pope as Calisto. Elizabeth, naked, is seated to right holding a shield with the coat of arms of England and surrounded by nymphs representing the protestant powers of Europe; to left, Pope Gregory XIII is stripped by allegorical figures of Time and Truth. Beneath the pope are large eggs, one of which has an inscription referring to the assassination of William the Silent by Baltasar Gérard in 1584, another carries the name of Chiappino Vitelli, the general in the service of Spain who came to England in 1569 in an attempt to negotiate peace; from others hatch creatures including a cockatrice labelled "Inquisition". c.1584
Engraving and etching
- Production date
Height: 190 millimetres (main plate; cropped)
Height: 220 millimetres (sheet)
Width: 257 millimetres
Width: 258 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- Gregory XIII was zealous in his attempts to restore the roman catholic faith. In 1572 he celebrated the news of the suppression of the Huguenots in Paris (the St Bartholomew's Day massacre) with a "Te Deum" in Rome. He sent expeditions to Ireland in 1578 and 1579, and was suspected of having plotted with Henry, Duke of Guise, and his brother, Charles, Duke of Mayenne, to assassinate Elizabeth I.
For a letter from Fritz Saxl on the iconography, see the letter book for 1935.
For a later impression without the additional plate lettered in English, see 1850,1109.7.
See also Helen Pierce, 'Unseemly Pictures: Graphic Satire and Politics in Early Modern England', New Haven and London, 2008, pp.62-64.
- Not on display
- Exhibition history
2002 Feb-May, Ann Arbor, Michigan Univ. Mus of Art, Women Who Ruled
2002 Sep-Dec, Boston, Davis Museum, Women Who Ruled...
2003 May-Sep, London, National Maritime Museum, Elizabeth I
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number