- Museum number
- Object: Laurea Calloana
Plate 43: The Triumphal Car of Calloo: in the foreground is an ornate, four-wheeled chariot in the form of a ship bearing a grand trophy-mast, drawn by four caparisoned horses; taking the reigns and raising a whip is the two-faced personification of Providentia Augusta, one of the Cardinal Virtues, looking to the past and future; behind her kneel the personifications of Antwerp (Antverpia), wearing the mural crown and with hands outstretched, and St Omer (Audomaropolis) gazing up to the medallion of Ferdinand above and offering their gratitude; at the base of the trophy-mast sit two winged Fames blowing trumpets affixed with banners inscribed 'Callinice' and 'Io Triumphe', acclamations for the conqueror; seated and bound at the base of the mast are several abject French and Dutch prisoners of war; on the raised platform at the stern of the chariot-ship stand personifications of Virtus (Valour), carrying a thunderbolt, and Fortune resting her hand on a rudder; at either side of the trophy-mast stand winged Victories holding wreaths and raising a garlanded shield bearing an inscription; above them a mass of armour, military implements, and banners extends from the trophy-mast, explained by the inscriptions 'Cæsis Detracta Batavis' (removed from the slain Hollanders) and 'De Gallis Capta Fugatis' (captured from the French who were put to flight) on the banners; above is a laurel wreath that serves as a base for the elaborate ornament surmounting the trophy-mast, complete with the coats-of-arms of Philip IV and Ferdinand, the Spanish and Austrian flags, a crown, intertwined palm branches and a laurel tree at the top; in the background is a bird's-eye view of the battle of Calloo and the surrounding countryside of Antwerp; after Peter Paul Rubens; illustration for Gaspar Gevaerts' "Pompa Introitus" (Antwerp, 1641)
Etching from two plates
- Production date
- 1635-1641 (c.)
Height: 542 millimetres (plate-mark)
Height: 649 millimetres (sheet)
Width: 543 millimetres
Width: 612 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- One of a series of forty-three plates illustrating Gaspar Gevaerts' "Pompa Introitus"; for further comments see 1884,0112.31. Ferdinand's success in the Battle of Calloo took place some three years after his Triumphal Entry into Antwerp in 1635, however Gevartius was authorized by the city to include this event in his Pompa Introitus. Planning for the attack on Antwerp began in 1638, becoming imperative when the Dutch troops crossed the Schelde and occupied the forts of Verrebroek and Calloo. Prince Ferdinand reacted by sending the Spanish army to expel the Dutch at Calloo, taking prisoners, capturing artillery, and forcing them to withdraw. Several days later Ferdinand achieved another defeat at St Omer. Rubens was commissioned by the city to design a triumphal car for the annual Ommegang.
Lit: John Rupert Martin, The Decorations for the Pompa Introitus Ferdinandi, Corpus Rubenianum XVI, London, 1972, pp. 216-217.
- Not on display
- Associated events
- Associated Event: Entry of Cardinal Infante Ferdinand of Austria into Antwerp 1635 (17 April)
- Associated titles
Associated Title: Pompa Introitus Honori Serenissimi Principis Ferdinandi (Antwerp, 1641)
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- For comments see 1884,0112.31.
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number