- Museum number
- Object: Arcus Philippei Pars Anterior
Plate 12: The Arch of the Philip: The Front Face; a two-tiered structure with a great central portral and smaller flanking portals, interspersed with Composite columns and backed by pilasters supporting the entablature above; the painted centrepiece set within the tympanum depicts the marriage of the Hapsburg and Burgundian houses, with the Archduke Maximilian, son of Emperor Frederick IV, taking the hand of Mary of Burgundy, daughter of Charles the Bold, Prince of the Belgians and Burgundians; surmounted by statues of the seated rulers of heaven, Jupiter and his eagle with Juno and her peacock, which are flanked on either side by standing winged personifications of Providence and Time; seated on the sloping pedastals to either side are personifications of Austria and Burgundy waving the standards of the Spanish Netherlands; above the centre archway is a statue of Hymen carrying a torch and a cornucopia; lighted torches flank the upper storey; six portraits of Maximilian and his descendents in the Spanish line are distributed over the lower part of façade: at upper left, Emperor Maximilian; behind the balustrade at left is Philip I; at upper right is Emperor Charles V; and behind the balustrade at right is Philip II; above the left portal, Philip III; above the right portal, the reigning monarch, Philip IV; after Peter Paul Rubens; illustration for Gaspar Gevaerts' "Pompa Introitus" (Antwerp, 1641)
Etching and engraving
- Production date
- 1635-1641 (c.)
Height: 550 millimetres (plate-mark)
Height: 649 millimetres (sheet)
Width: 373 millimetres
Width: 543 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- One of a series of forty-three plates illustrating Gaspar Gevaerts' "Pompa Introitus"; for additional comments see 1884,0112.31. This etching depicts the monumental arch celebrating the lineage of Philip IV. As one of the grand temporary decorations erected along the procession route for the Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand's triumphal entry into Antwerp in 1635, this arch stood at the end of Huidevettersstraat at a height of over 21 metres; it spanned the entire width of the street, allowing the triumphal procession to pass beneath the three portals. The iconography itself celebrates the key marriages that brought the Netherlands and Spain under the control of the Austrian house of the Hapsburgs. The elaborately carved capitols are the work of the sculptor Erasmus Quellinus I (1584-1640) and Adriaen de Brie.
Jacob Jordaens and Cornelis de Vos executed the paintings after Rubens' designs for the arch decorations. Although Rubens' sketches for the two faces of the Arch of Philip have disappeared, replicas of the modelli from his studio (now in the Rubenshuis) indicate that changes were introduced into the actual construction of the decoration. The addition of pedestals to raise the allegorical figures surmounting the arch suggests that Van Thulden executed his etching after a subsequent design by Rubens.
Lit.: John Rupert Martin, The Decorations for the Pompa Introitus Ferdinandi, Corpus Rubenianum XVI, London, 1972, cats. 5a-12, pp. 72-86.
- Not on display
- Associated events
- Associated Event: Entry of Cardinal Infante Ferdinand of Austria into Antwerp 1635 (17 April)
- Associated titles
Associated Title: Pompa Introitus Honori Serenissimi Principis Ferdinandi (Antwerp, 1641)
- Acquisition date
- Acquisition notes
- For comments see 1884,0112.31.
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number