- Museum number
The Triumph of Chastity; in the centre Chastity's chariot is pulled by two unicorns, moving from left to right through a hilly landscape; Chastity stands on a vase, holding a palm in her left hand and a book in her right; a Cupid, bound and blindfolded, kneels in front of the vase; the chariot is surrounded by young women, foremost among them a maiden carrying a banner with the emblem of an ermine; illustration to Petrarch's 'Triumph of Chastity'. c.1480-90
- Production date
- 1480-1490 (circa)
Height: 298 millimetres
Width: 196 millimetres
- Curator's comments
For the volume of text the prints were extracted from see 1883,0310.1+
The print belongs to a series of six engravings illustrating Francesco Petrarch's short poem the 'Triumphs', written between 1340 and 1374. Executed in a style called by Hind the 'Broad Manner', these engravings are now attributed to Francesco Rosselli. For a discussion of the group see the entry for Hind B.II.1.I (P&D 1883-3-10-7).
This impression is the first state of the print. Other examples of the first state are in Berlin, Cambridge, Milan, Rothschild collection (Louvre, Paris) and Vienna.
The image conforms to conventional early Renaissance representations of the subject, in which the unicorn, the ermine (both symbolizing virginity and chastity) and the bound Cupid are all standard elements. The landscape is comparable to that in other 'Broad Manner' engravings attributed to Rosselli, such as 'The Life of the Virgin and Christ' series, the large 'Adoration of the Magi', 'David and Goliath' and, especially, the 'View of Florence' (see Hind, B.I.6, 11, 14; B.III.2, 6, 18 and Mark J. Zucker, 'The Illustrated Bartsch, Commentary', vol. 24, part 2, 1994, pp. 15, 21, 22-23, 76, 83-84, 95-97, nos. 006, 011, 014, 061, 065, 072).
The same representation is found on the front of a wooden childbirth tray ('desco da parto') ascribed to the workshop of the Florentine painter and illuminator Apollonio di Giovanni now in the Museum of Art in Raleigh (North Carolina).
- Not on display
- Associated titles
Associated Title: Triumphs
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number