- Museum number
Object: De Voorlooper tot de Algemene Vrede of de Blyde Januarius
Series: [Vorstelijke Staatsbalans...]
A broadside on Pope Clement XI and his peace treaty with Emperor Joseph I in January 1709 and his rightecognition of King Charles VI; with an etching showing at the top an image with a palace on the left, on its steps the Pope, on the R a figure of Peace leading the Emperor towards the palace, on the R an allegorical figure of France mourning; at the bottom a small scene showing on the R a king seated on a throne, approached by various delegates; with engraved title, inscriptions, numbering 1-6, and verses in two columns, including legend. (n.p.: )
- Production date
Height: 280 millimetres
Width: 188 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- During the War of the Spanish Succession, Pope Clement XI, Lord of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, was asked by both Philip of Anjou (Bourbon) and by Leopold of Habsburg (Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I.), rivals for the Spanish throne, to invest the applicant with the crown. Pope Clement XI, whose sympathies lay with the Bourbon dynasty, crowned Philip IV of Two Sicilies (= Philip V of Spain). After the French forces were defeated in Northern Italy, the Austrians focused on the conquest of Naples. In order to achieve that object, Austrian forces had to cross the Papal States. The fortress of Comacchio within the Papal States, was occupied by forces of Modena (1708, held by the Austrians until 1724). The Papal troops were unable to stop the Austrians and their allies; in 1709 the Pope had to accept a peace treaty under Austrian conditions. Joseph I, Emperor since 1705, had already crowned himself King of Naples in 1707; the Treaties of Utrecht (1713) and of Rastatt (1714) confirmed him in the possession of Naples.
This print is one (plate) of eight plates (numbered by Muller A, 1-7) of the series "Vorstelijke Staat-balans...1710 (see Muller 3180; title page). For Plate Ab (Muller): BM 1868-8-8-3456; Plate 1a (Muller): BM 1882-8-12-450 (Muller 3184; this entry); Plate 2 (Muller): BM 1882-8-12-449 (Muller 3186); Plate 3 (Muller): BM 1882-8-12-448 (Muller 3187); Plate 5 (Muller) BM1882-8-12-446 (Muller 3189); Plate 6 (Muller) BM 1882-8-12-447 (Muller 3190).
The imprint of this print reads: "Te Brussel by Foppens" - this is false.
van Stolk 3318
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number