- Museum number
- Object: La Gratitud al Inventor Ingles del Toro Español.
A Spanish print, relating to French defeats in the Peninsula up to and including the French evacuation of Portugal. It is explained by numbers relating to explanatory verses below the design, and by inscriptions bordering the figures. Hercules, '2', representing Spain, slays the Hydra, Napoleon, '1', helped by Mars, '5', who sent England to join Spain. The Hydra has nine heads; its body reclines on a dais of four concentric steps. Hercules, wearing a lion's skin, tramples on its scaly tail and raises a huge spiked club inscribed 'el vomitivo' [emetic]. The Hydra's heads are encircled by a collar of eagles with the letter 'N', and as centre-piece an irradiated eagle, but only one of the heads represents the Emperor - the others are heads of marshals, &c. Napoleon's head faces Hercules (l.), who forces him to disgorge a map or Spain, '[Rei]no de España', which projects from his jaws. The three adjacent heads are all linked by a chain to a band round the club; their collars are inscribed respectively 'Dupont', '3', 'Lafeb' [Lefèbvre], and 'Mon..' [Moncey], both '4'. Two other heads reach upwards, belching smoke from fanged jaws; in the smoke are newspapers, one 'Diario de Madrid del... Mayo'. These two have collars inscribed respectively 'Murat' and 'Pepin' [King Joseph], from whose head a small crown is falling. The black smoke is dispersed by an irradiated sun which forms the apex of the design, its disk being inscribed 'F. 7°.' [Ferdinand VII]. The next two hydra-heads have small crowns and collars inscribed respectively 'Suiza' [Switzerland] and 'Olan' [Holland]. The head on the extreme right. has a collar inscribed 'Jon... [i.e. Junot], 6'. Its neck is gripped by Mars, '5', who tramples on a French flag, and holds out in his left hand a little crown and a carefully drawn map inscribed 'Reino Portugal', with place-names. Mars stands on a riverside quay against which lies a boat filled with sacks inscribed 'Socorso Ingalat.. Españ..' and a bundle of muskets inscribed 'Fusiles para defensa de España'. On the opposite bank is a Gothic building; in front of this are tiny casks and bales. Behind the Hydras there is a large terrestrial globe, a symbol of Napoleon's aim of world-conquest, forming a background to the centre of the design and covered with an erratic map. On this (l.) are marked: 'Berberia', 'Inglaterra', 'Britanica', 'Londres', 'Irland', 'Dub..', and (r.) 'Tartaria Moscova', 'China', 'Pekin', 'Mar el Sud'. Behind Hercules (l.) is a truncated column inscribed 'Plus', with flowers and a laurel wreath.
The inscriptions surrounding the design are:
Above Hercules: 'La Defensa de la España. / y abatimiento del orgullo frances.'
Flanking the rays of the sun (Ferdinand VII):
(l.) 'Muladar y el Rey pepinos / al Sol de España eclipsar'
(r.) 'Pretendieron y anublar / con sus diarios malignos'
[The dunghill [Murat] and King Pepin [Joseph], in order to eclipse the sun of Spain [Ferdinand VII], tried to obscure it with their malevolent Press.]
Above Mars: 'El Triunfo de Inglaterra / sobra Portugal con el auxilio / de este y de la España.'
Below the design :
1. 'La Hydra Napoleon / que es un traidor sin secundo / quiso conquistar el mundo.'
2. 'Hercules nos representa / á España que a la Hydra ingrata / le hace bomitar [sic] el mapa'
3 'La cabeza con cadena / Dupont rendido, y despues / encomendado al Ingles.'
4 'De Le-Febre [Lefèbvre] y de Monsei [Moncey] son Valencia y Aragon / la deshonra y confusion./'
5. 'El Marte que en frente ves / le envió la gran Bretaña / á juntarse con la España.'
6 'A Junot postra el Ingles, / y le hace para su mal / arrancarle á Portugal'
- Production date
Height: 205 millimetres
Width: 258 millimetres
- Curator's comments
- Another impression published in 'Estampas de la Guerra de la Independencia', Madrid, Museo Municipal, 1996, cat.141.
(Description and comment from M. Dorothy George, 'Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires in the British Museum', VIII, 1947)
The verses explain the print, and relate the events of 1808: the rule of Murat in Madrid, as Napoleon's lieutenant, see BMSat 11000, followed by that of Joseph, see BMSat 11001, the Spanish rising, see BMSat 10997, &c., Dupont's capitulation, see BMSat 11010. Lefèbvre commanded an army in Spain during 1808 without disaster, Moncey's attack on Valencia was repulsed by the Spaniards, see BMSat 11058. For the defeat of Junot and the evacuation of Portugal see BMSat 11024, &c. For the supplies sent from England to the Spanish juntas see BMSat 11003, &c. The title is a tribute to the inventor of 'the Spanish Bull', i.e. BMSat 10997, of which there is a Spanish adaptation.
Broadley, ii. 166.
- Not on display
- Acquisition date
- Prints and Drawings
- Registration number